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Country Report
Country Report
CHILE
Dr. Valeria Gomez G.
2008/05/15
Chile
Chile is a multicontinental
country, located in:
• South America (756.838 km²)
• Oceania (163,6 km²)
• Antarctic (1.250.257,6 km²)
– Population:
• 16.598.507 (2007)
– Capital:
• Santiago de Chile
– Official Language:
• Spanish
– Government:
• Democratic Presidential
Republic
Chile
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Chile
Chile: Statistical
• Analphabetism
– 3.3%
• Mortality Rate
– 5.3
• Birth Rate
– 14.9
• Child Mortality Rate
– 7.9
• Poverty
– 13.7%
*“Indicadores Basicos de Salud, Chile 2007” MINSAL
Population Pyramid. Chile, 2007*
Chile: Oral Health
Age (years) Caries Free
dmf-t
DMF-T
Periodontal
Disease
2*
83%
0.54
-
2.6%
4*
51.98%
3.27
-
6.2%
6**
29.64%
3.71
0.16
55.09%
12***
37.5%
-
1.9
66.9%
*MINSAL, Ceballos M, Acevedo C y col. Diagnóstico en Salud Bucal de niños de 2 y 4 años que asisten a la educación preescolar. Región
Metropolitana 2007
**MINSAL, Soto L, Tapia R y col. Diagnóstico Nacional de Salud Bucal de los niños de 6 años. Chile, 2007.
***Soto L, Tapia R y col. Chile, 2007. Diagnóstico Nacional de Salud Bucal del Adolescente de 12 años y Evaluación del Grado de
Cumplimiento de los Objetivos Sanitarios de Salud Bucal 2000-2010. Chile 2007.
Chile: Oral Health
Totally
Age (years) Caries Free missed
Partially
missed
35-44*
0-2%
0.4%
79.7%
65-74**
0%
29.1%
69.8%
*Badenier O, Cueto A, Moya R y col. Estudio de Prevalencia de las enfermedades bucodentales y necesidades de tratamiento en la V
Región. 2007.
**Gamonal J. Prevalencia de enfermedades periodontales y de caries dental en la población de 35-44 y de 65 a 74 años de nivel
socioeconómico bajo y medio-bajo de la provincia de Santiago, Región Metropolitana, y determinación de los recursos humanos necesarios
para su tratamiento. Región Metropolitana 1996.
Chile: Oral Health
In Chile, the public system
(80%) has not resources to
control oral pathology of the
population.
That's why the “MINSAL”
has prioritized the
attention of children to
implement preventive
measures.
Chile: Oral Health
• Country programs
– 6 years old children until 4 first permanent molars are erupted
and sealed
– Oral health for people of 60 years old
– Dental emergency ambulatory
– Cleft lip and palate
• Population program
– Water fluoridation (75%)
3.600!!!!!
• Other programs
–
–
–
–
Pregnant Woman
Play Group
ART
Education for “Health promoters”
1:2.371
Chile
Universidad del Desarrollo-Clinica Alemana
• Faculty of Medicine
– Dentistry
•
•
•
•
Mission: Ethic, Public responsibilities, leadership
Program
Teachers
Campus
–
–
–
–
–
“Padre Hurtado” Hospital
Public Center “Cerro Navia”
Gantz Foundation
Policlinic for people over 60 years old “Cerro Navia”
Policlinics “Hogar de Cristo”
Chile
Universidad del Desarrollo-Clinica Alemana
• Authorities
Dean Faculty of Medicine
Economics Vice Dean
Vice Dean of Dentistry
Director of Dentistry
Academic Secretary
Chairman of Cariology and Operative Dentistry
4 Teachers
Chile
Universidad del Desarrollo-Clinica Alemana
• Dentistry
– Cariology and Operative Dentistry
To develop in the students all knowledge
about Cariology and Operative dentistry and
mechanical skills to execute diagnostic
technics and teeth restauration based in
ethics and scientific evidence existing until
today.
Chile
Universidad del Desarrollo-Clinica Alemana
• Dentistry
– Cariology and Operative Dentistry
•
•
•
•
•
1 year at 3rd (next step to dental attention)
4 hours a week
76 practice hours
76 theoretical hours
40 students
Chile
Universidad del Desarrollo-Clinica Alemana
• Teaching model
– Direct exposition
– Practical class work
– Discussions and critics analysis
• Papers lectures
• Experimental works
• Demonstrations
• Evaluating area
– Theoretical (60%)
– Practice (35%)
– Attitude and behavior (5%)
Chile
Universidad del Desarrollo-Clinica Alemana
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