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verbs like gustar - Spanish

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verbs like gustar - Spanish
VERBS LIKE GUSTAR
Los básicos
• To express like or dislike in Spanish we use
GUSTAR.
• GUSTAR works differently than other verbs
because the conjugation agrees with what you
like, not who likes it.
• Since items and actions are either singular or
plural, most of the time GUSTAR will take the ÉL
or ELLOS form.
• GUSTAR also requires an Indirect Object Pronoun
in front of the verb
LOS PRONOMBRES
ME (to me)
NOS (to us)
TE (to you)
OS (to you all)
LE (To him, her, you) LES (to them)
Choose your pronoun
• The pronoun will match to the person or thing
that “likes” the item or action.
• The verb will match to whatever it is they like.
If its plural use GUSTAN. If it’s a single item or
an action (verb) use GUSTA.
• Vamos a mirar un ejemplo…
Jorge likes cars.
• When we express this
thought in Spanish, its
really more like “the
cars please Jorge.”
• Cars are plural, so we
will use the plural
conjugation of GUSTAR.
 GUSTAN
Jorge ____ gustan los carros.
• Now we need a
pronoun. Jorge is one
guy, so the best choice
would be…
• LE
• We’re almost done, but
there is one more thing
you need to know…
The personal “A”
• Spanish uses a personal “A” when the indirect
object in a sentence is a person or a pet.
• Since the cars please Jorge, he is an IOP, and
because he is also a pet, he qualifies for a
personal “A”.
• A Jorge le gustan los carros. Cars please Jorge.
All finished!
Practiquemos…
• Paco likes to swim.
• Swimming is an action,
so you will use the
singular form of
GUSTAR.
• Try to put the sentence
together now…
• A Paco le gusta nadar.
¡Uno más!
• Diego likes to travel.
• A Diego le gusta viajar.
• What if Diego brought a
friend?
• If you had to dogs who
enjoyed travel?
A Diego y Paco les gusta viajar.
For plural items…
• Switch up the GUSTA to
GUSTAN.
• Your pronoun choice
still depends on who is
pleased by the item or
action.
• I like Huskies.
• Me gustan los
siberianos. (they please
me)
¡Practiquemos!
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
We like tacos.
They like to dance.
You like cats.
She likes lemonade.
I like chocolate.
He likes to run.
You all like to eat.
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Nos gustan los tacos
Les gusta bailar.
Te gustan los gatos.
Le gusta la limonada.
Me gusta el chocolate.
Le gusta correr.
Os gusta comer.
What if you don’t like it?
• Just slide a “NO”
between the person
and the pronoun.
• A Felix no le gustan los
baños.
• A Felix no le gusta el
agua.
• A Felix no le gusta el
jabón.
Other verbs like GUSTAR
ENCANTAR
To love (not romantic)
Interesar
To be interested by
Fascinar
To be fascinated by
Importar
To matter to
Molestar
To be bothered by
Fastidiar
To be irritated by ,
annoyed
Escribe en español.
• Tests bother me.
• You love pizza.
• They like to play
videogames.
• Good grades
matter to us.
• Me molestan los
examenes.
• Te encanta la pizza.
• Les gusta jugar a los
videojuegos.
• Nos importan
buenas notas.
¿GUSTA or GUSTAN?
•
•
•
•
Which should you use with VERBS?
Which should you use with SINGLE NOUNS?
Which should you use with PLURAL NOUNS?
Which should you use with MORE THAN ONE
NOUN?
CLARIFIERS
• Remember our example with Jorge and the
personal “A”?
• There are clarifiers for all pronouns. Mostly
clarifiers get used in the 3rd person, because
it’s the one that is least clear. (Imagine that!)
• A mí me gustan los tacos.  Me, I like tacos.
• Here are all the clarifiers…
Clarifiers
A mí
A nosotros
A tí
A vosotros
A él
A ella
A Ud.
A ellos
A ellas
A Uds.
Gusta or Gustan?
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Me _________ leer libros.
Te __________ comer la fruta.
Nos __________ los perros.
Les __________ los zapatos rojos.
Le ___________ el chocolate y el helado.
Os ___________ estudiar con amigos.
Me ___________la ensalada.
Fill in the missing pronoun
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
A Paco ____ gusta ir a McDonalds.
A nosotros ____gusta bailar.
A mí ___ gustan las muchachas.
A tí ____ encanta el helado de vainilla.
A ellos ____ importan buenas notas.
A vosotros _____ molesta correr en la lluvia.
A ellas _____ importa el examen.
Extra words for emphasis
• Mucho  a lot
• Mejor better
• Nada  not at all
You can use these after GUSTA in the sentence.
EX: Me gusta mucho dormir.
EX: No me gusta nada limpiar la casa.
Actividad
Interview a classmate about what they like to do
on the weekends.
Ask them at least 8 questions. Use GUSTAR or
other like verbs. (molestar, encantar, etc)
Record their answers and then present them to
the class.
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