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direct object - Issaquah Connect

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direct object - Issaquah Connect
Apuntes el 12 de febrero
Los complementos directos pronominales
Direct object pronouns
¿Compras los pasajes? Are you buying the tickets?
Sí, los voy a comprar hoy. Yes, I’m going to buy them today.
Three main components of a sentence are the
subject, the verb, and the object.
The subject does the action.
The verb is the action being done.
The object receives the action.
La agente de viajes
confirma
la reservación.
The travel agent
confirms
the reservation.
↑
verb
↑
object
↑
subject
Pronouns replace nouns in a sentence.
We already know subject pronouns:
yo
tú
Ud.
él
ella
nosotros/as
vosotros/as
Uds.
ellos
ellas
Direct object pronouns replace direct object nouns in a sentence.
me –me
te – you (fam.)
lo – it, him, you (form.)
la – it, her, you (form.)
nos –us
os – you (pl. fam.)
los – them, you (pl. form.)
las –them (100% fem.), you ( pl. form. fem.)
As in English, direct object pronouns are used to replace and avoid
repeating a noun or name.
¿Quién saca la foto?
- Mi madre la saca.
Who is taking the picture?
- My mother is taking it.
The direct object pronoun must match the noun that it replaces in
gender and number.
Miguel tiene el libro.  Miguel lo tiene.
Hacemos la tarea.  La hacemos.
Mi amigo compra los pasajes.  Mi amigo los compra.
Mi padre confirma las reservaciones.  Mi padre las confirma.
Direct object pronouns are placed in front of the verb in a sentence.
¿Quién practica el fútbol? - Juan lo practica.
The direct object pronoun can be placed directly on the end of the
infinitive or present participle.
Mi amigo quiere comprar los pasajes.
Mi amigo los quiere comprar o Mi amigo quiere comprarlos.
Mi amigo está comprando los pasajes.
Mi amigo los está comprando. o Mi amigo está comprándolos.
La a personal
The personal a
When the direct object of a verb is a person (or a pet), an a appears
before the direct object. There is no equivalent to this in English.
Quiero visitar a mi abuela. I want to visit my grandmother.
No veo a Rafael. I don’t see Rafael.
When the direct object is replaced by a pronoun, the a disappears.
Quiero visitar a mi abuela. Quiero visitarla. (I want to visit her.)
No veo a Rafael. No lo veo. (I don’t see him.)
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