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Por vs. Para

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Por vs. Para
POR
vs
PARA
Descubre 2, Lección 2
Por vs. Para
 Por and Para have the same meaning in
English most of the time. (for)
 Por and Para can change meanings
depending on usage.
 Por and Para are not interchangeable–
they have their own set of rules.
Choosing POR or PARA can change meaning!
• A. Luciano canta para Plácido.
• B. Luciano canta por Plácido.
Both translate as “Luciano sings for Plácido.”
• In sentence A. Plácido is listening to
Luciano sing.
• In sentence B. Luciano is singing in place
of Plácido.
PARA
Destination
Meaning for or to
To express final destination; toward, in the
direction of
I travel to Spain this year in a plane.
Yo viajo para España este año en el avión.
I walk to school every morning.
Yo camino para la escuela cada mañana.
PARA
Deadlines
Meaning by or for
Expresses a specific time limit or
deadline in the future.
I need the paper by Monday.
(Yo) necesito el papel para lunes.
PARA
Purpose or goal + (infinitive verb)
Meaning in order to
I am studying in order to learn more.
(Yo) estoy estudiando para aprender más.
They work in order to pay the bills.
Ellos trabajan para pagar las cuentas.
PARA
Purpose + (noun)
Meaning for or used for
To express the purpose of an object
It´s a tire for the car.
Es una llanta para el carro.
The printer is used for printing.
Se usa la impresora para imprimir.
PARA
Meaning for
Recipient
To say who or what is the recipient of something
We bought the gift for you.
(Nosotros) compramos el regalo para ti.
The ring is for her.
El anillo es para ella.
PARA
Comparison or Opinion
Meaning for
To compare with others or to express opinion
For a fat dog, he runs very fast.
Para un perro gordo, él corre muy rápido.
For me, this lesson isn’t difficult.
Para mí, esta lección no es difícil.
PARA
Employment
Meaning for
To tell for whom or where a person works.
I worked for my dad last summer.
Yo trabajé para mi papá el verano pasado.
She works for Sears.
Ella trabaja para Sears.
PARA
Review
Destination
Deadlines
Purpose or goal + (infinitive verb)
Purpose + (noun)
Recipient
Comparison or opinion
Employment
POR
Motion
Meaning “through” “along” “beside” “by”
To express movement through or by a place,
not a final destination.
(Yo) caminé por el parque ayer.
I walked through the park yesterday.
Ellos corrieron por la playa.
They ran along the beach.
POR
Duration
Meaning “for” “during” “in”
To express amount of time an action or event
lasts for
Estuve en la Patagonia por un mes.
I was in Patagonia for a month.
Estudié el español por dos horas.
I studied Spanish for two hours.
POR
Reason
Meaning because of or on account of or on
behalf of
To give the reason or motive for an action.
El partido teminó por la llovía.
The game ended because of rain.
Lo hizo por su familia.
She did it on behalf of her family.
POR
Object of a search
Meaning for or in search of
To say who or what is looked for
Vengo por ti a las ocho.
I’m coming for you at eight.
Manuel fue por su cámara digital.
Manuel went in search of his digital
camera.
POR
Means by which something is done
Meaning “by” “on” “via” “by way of”
Yo viajé por tren a México.
I traveled by train to Mexico.
Ella va a mandar el regalo por correo.
She is going to send the gift by mail.
POR
Exchange
Meaning “for” “in place of” “instead of”.
To espress a substitution of things or people.
She is going to work for me because I am sick.
Ella va a trabajar por mí porque estoy
enfermo.
Pagué veinte pesos por la pizza.
I paid twenty pesos for the pizza.
POR
Unit of measure
Meaning “per” “by”
José manejaba a 120 kilómetros por hora.
José was driving 120 kilometers per hour.
POR
Specific Expressions
Por favor-Please
Por fin-Finally/at last
Por supuesto-Of course
Por fin - finally
Por eso – that´s why
Por aquí – around here
Por ejemplo – for example
POR
Review
Motion
Duration
Reason
Object of a search
Means by which something is done
Exchange
Unit of measure
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