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Teoría Pasado Simple

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Teoría Pasado Simple
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Pasado Simple
Uso: el pasado simple se utiliza normalmente para referirnos a hechos que sucedieron en
un momento concreto del pasado
Existen verbos regulares, a los que se añade –ed en el pasado, como work (worked en
pasado) y otros irregulares, que es necesario aprender, como go (went en pasado).
•
Afirmativa
Verbos regulares (work)
I
You
He / she / it
worked
worked
worked
We
You
They
worked
worked
worked
Ortografía de las formas de pasado regulares
- verbos acabados en “consonante + y”⇒ ied:
study → studied
carry → carried
- verbos monosilábicos acabados en “vocal +
consonante” ⇒ duplican la consonante (excepto
“y” o “w”)
stop → stopped
shop → shopped
Pronunciación de la terminación “-ed” de pasado
Se puede pronunciar como /t/, /d/ o /id/, dependiendo del sonido en el que acabe el infinitivo:
/t/ → watched, stopped, shopped, washed, worked (cuando el verbo acaba en sonido sordo)
/d/ → lived, arrived, opened, called, changed (cuando el verbo acaba en sonido sonoro)
/id/ → started, painted, mended, needed (solamente cuando el verbo acaba en sonido /t/ o
/d/).
Verbos irregulares (go)
I
You
He / she / it
went
went
went
We
You
They
went
went
went
Para ver Lista de verbos irregulares haz clic aquí.
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•
Negación
Verbos regulares (work)
forma completa
forma contraída
I
You
He / she / it
did not work
did not work
did not work
I
You
He / she / it
didn´t work
didn´t work
didn´t work
We
You
They
did not work
did not work
did not work
We
You
They
didn´t work
didn´t work
didn´t work
Verbos irregulares (go)
forma completa
forma contraída
I
You
He / she / it
did not go
did not go
did not go
I
You
He / she / it
didn´t go
didn´t go
didn´t go
We
You
They
did not go
did not go
did not go
We
You
They
didn´t go
didn´t go
didn´t go
•
Interrogación
Verbos regulares (work)
respuesta breve +
respuesta breve -
Did I work?
Did you work?
Did he/she/it work?
Yes, I did
Yes, you did
Yes, he/she/it did
No, I didn´t
No, you didn´t
No, he/she/it didn´t
Did we work?
Did you work?
Did they work?
Yes, we did
Yes, you did
Yes, they did
No, we didn´t
No, you didn´t
No, they didn´t
respuesta breve +
respuesta breve -
Did I go?
Did you go?
Did he/she/it go?
Yes, I did
Yes, you did
Yes, he/she/it did
No, I didn´t
No, you didn´t
No, he/she/it didn´t
Did we go?
Did you go?
Did they go?
Yes, we did
Yes, you did
Yes, they did
No, we didn´t
No, you didn´t
No, they didn´t
Verbos irregulares (go)
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