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Cuando los niños no quieren irse a la cama

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Cuando los niños no quieren irse a la cama
Helping Children Go to Bed/
Cuando los niños no quieren irse a la cama
Guide F-110/Guía F-110
Diana S. Del Campo1
Cooperative Extension Service • College of Agricultural, Consumer and Environmental Sciences
Parents sometimes find that getting a child to sleep
is one of the most frustrating problems they have.
Children who have always slept well may suddenly
refuse to go to bed or may start waking up during
the night.
Children need regular routines and regular times
for sleeping, just as they need regular times for
meals. Both you and your children need to know
when naptime and bedtime will arrive. You will
have an easier time getting your children to sleep
if you have a set time every day. A special bedtime
routine helps young children go to sleep. Tell your
children about 15 minutes before bedtime to finish
what they are doing. Then follow a regular routine
of tooth-brushing, putting on pajamas, reading a
story or singing a quiet song, and getting into bed.
Children need to learn to fall asleep by themselves. If you stay with your children until they fall
asleep, they may begin taking longer and longer
just to keep you around. Follow your bedtime routines, read or tell a story, give the child a hug and
kiss, and leave the room when it’s time for sleep.
Some children need a few minutes of quiet time
in bed before they can fall asleep. Let the child look
at a book or play quietly with a doll, but avoid exciting games like tickling and wrestling. Tell the child
that in a few minutes it will be time to stop reading and go to sleep. You may want to use a kitchen
timer. Set it for 5 or 10 minutes and when the bell
goes off, it’s time for sleep.
If your child doesn’t want to sleep in the dark,
put a small night-light in the room. Don’t make fun
of a child’s fears. When a child wakes during the
night and cries, be loving but firm. If you let the
child get up or come into your bed, you’ll be starting a habit that’s hard to break. Reassure the child
A veces los niños no quieren dormirse o irse a la cama. Esto puede ser un problema frustrante para los padres. Algunas criaturas
que siempre han dormido bien pueden negar irse a dormir o despertarse du­ra­nt­ e la noche.
Los niños necesitan una rutina y horas regulares de sueño,
igual que para las comidas. Tanto Ud. co­mo su hijo necesitan
saber cuándo es hora de tomar la siesta y de acostarse. Si Ud.
establece una hora fija todos los días, le resultará más fácil que su
hijo se duerma pronto.
Para facilitar los preparativos de irse a la cama, adopte una rutina especial. Quince minutos antes de acostarse, dígale a su hijo
que termine lo que está ha­ciendo. Siga luego la rutina normal
de lavarse los dientes, ponerse la piyama, leer un cuento o cantar
una canción suave y meterse en la cama.
Los niños necesitan aprender a dormirse solos. Si Ud. se queda con su hijo hasta que se duerma, pue­de comenzar a demorar
el proceso simplemente para que Ud. no se vaya del cuarto. Siga
la rutina prelimi­nar, léale o cuéntele un cuento, déle un beso y un
abra­zo y salga del cuarto cuando llegue el momento de dormir.
Algunas criaturas necesitan unos pocos minutos de reposo
en la cama antes de quedarse dormidos. Deje que su hijo mire
un libro o juegue tranquilo con un juguete. Evite los juegos que
excitan los nervios, como las cosquillas y los juegos de manos.
Dígale a su hijo que en unos pocos minutos deberá dejar de leer y
acostarse a dormir.
Extension Child Development and Family Life Specialist, Department of Extension Family and Consumer Sciences, New Mexico State University.
1
To find more resources for your business, home, or family, visit the College of Agricultural, Consumer and Environmental
Sciences on the World Wide Web at aces.nmsu.edu
that she is safe, but tell her that it’s sleeping time
now, and she must go back to sleep.
Most sleeping problems can be solved in a short
time if you are gentle and loving but firm. If your
children sense that you will not enforce bedtime
routines, they will keep trying to push the limits.
Stick to your bedtime routine. On some days a
child might not be as sleepy as other days, but he
can still spend quiet time in his crib or bed.
Si su hijo no quiere dormirse en la oscuridad, deje una pequeña luz prendida. No se ría de sus miedos.
Cuando una criatura se despierta llorando durante la noche,
sea cariñosa pero firme. Si Ud. permite que la criatura se levante
o venga a su cama, puede co­men­zar un hábito difícil de romper.
Asegure a su hijo de que todo está bien, pero dígale que es hora
de dor­mir y que debe acostarse.
La mayoría de los problemas relacionados con el sueño pueden
resolverse en poco tiempo si Ud. trata a su hijo con cariño, suavidad y firmeza. Si su hijo se da cuenta que Ud. no le hace cumplir
la rutina noctur­na, tratará de retrasar al máximo la hora de irse a
la cama.
Siga su rutina de cada noche. Algunas veces su hijo podrá no
tener tanto sueño, pero puede quedarse quieto y tranquilo en su
cuna o en su cama.
ADDITONAL INFORMATION/
INFORMACION ADICIONAL
Family Development publications
produced by New Mexico State University’s
Cooperative Extension Service are all located at
http://aces.nmsu.edu/pubs/_f/
Guide F-107: Helping Young Children Cope with Anger/
Ayudándole a los niños pequeños a contolar el enojo
Guide F-108: Guiding Young Children/Guiando a los niños
pequeños
Guide F-109: Toilet Training for Toddlers/Su bebé aprende a
usar el baño
Guide F-110: Helping Children Go to Bed/Cuando los niños
no quieren irse a la cama
Guide F-112: Temper Tantrums/Ataques de mal genio
Guide F-115: Showing Love to Your Child/Demuestre el
cariño a su niño
Guide F-116: Listening is Important/Eschucha a
su hijo
Guide F-120: Creating Strong Families
Guide F-122: Understanding Teens
Guide F-213: When the New Baby Arrives/Cuando
llegue el nuevo bebé
Diana Del Campo is the Extension
Child Development and Family Life
Specialist in the Department of Extension Family and Consumer Sciences at
NMSU. She earned her doctorate at the
University of Michigan and her master’s
degree at Virginia Tech. She is the coauthor of Taking Sides: Clashing
Views in Childhood and Society from
McGraw-Hill, which is in its 9th edition.
Adapted from a publication of the Cooperative Extension Service, University of California, Berkeley.
Contents of publications may be freely reproduced for educational purposes. All other rights reserved. For permission to use
publications for other purposes, contact [email protected] or the authors listed on the publication.
New Mexico State University is an equal opportunity/affirmative action employer and educator. NMSU and the U.S. Department
of Agriculture cooperating.
Revised February 2012
Las Cruces, NM
Guide F-110 • Page 2
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