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ESCALA DE EDINBURGO (Spanish Version)

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ESCALA DE EDINBURGO (Spanish Version)
ESCALA DE EDINBURGO (Spanish Version)
Como usted hace poco tuvo un bebé, nos gustaría saber como se ha estado sintiendo. Por favor
SUBRAYE la respuesta que más se acerca a como se ha sentido en los últimos 7 días.
Or
Por favor haga un círculo alrededor de la respuesta que más se acerca a como se ha sentido en los últimos
7 días.
__________________________________________________________________________________
Éste es un ejemplo ya completo:
Me he sentido contenta:
0 Sí, siempre
1 Sí, casi siempre
2 No muy a menudo
3 No, nunca
__________________________________________________________________________________
En los últimos 7 días:
En los últimos 7 días:
1.
He podido reír y ver el lado bueno de las
cosas:
0 Tanto como siempre
1 No tanto ahora
2 Mucho menos
3 No, no he podido
6.
Las cosas me oprimen o agobian:
0 Sí, casi siempre
1 Sí, a veces
2 No, casi nunca
3 No, nada
2.
He mirado al futuro con placer:
0 Tanto como siempre
1 Algo menos de lo que solía hacer
2 Definitivamente menos
3 No, nada
7.
Me he sentido tan infeliz, que he tenido
dificultad para dormir:
0 Sí, casi siempre
1 Sí, a menudo
2 No muy a menudo
3 No, nada
3.
Me he culpado sin necesidad cuando las
cosas marchaban mal:
0 Sí, casi siempre
1 Sí, algunas veces
2 No muy a menudo
3 No, nunca
8.
Me he sentido triste y desgraciada:
0 Sí, casi siempre
1 Sí, bastante a menudo
2 No muy a menudo
3 No, nada
4.
He estado ansiosa y preocupada sin motivo:
0 No, nada
1 Casi nada
2 Sí, a veces
3 Sí, a menudo
9.
He estado tan infeliz que he estado llorando:
0 Sí, casi siempre
1 Sí, bastante a menudo
2 Sólo ocasionalmente
3 No, nunca
5.
He sentido miedo o pánico sin motivo
alguno:
0 Sí, bastante
1 Sí, a veces
2 No, no mucho
3 No, nada
10.
He pensado en hacerme daño a mí misma:
0 Sí, bastante a menudo
1 Sí, a menudo
2 Casi nunca
3 No, nunca
Scoring and Other Information
Response categories are scored 0, 1, 2, and 3 according to increased severity of the symptom.
Items 3, 5-10 are reverse scored (i.e., 3, 2, 1, and 0). The total score is calculated by adding together
the scores for each of the ten items. Users may reproduce the scale without further permission
providing they respect copyright (which remains with the British Journal of Psychiatry) quoting the
names of the authors, the title and the source of the paper in all reproduced copies.
The Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) has been developed to assist primary care
health professionals to detect mothers suffering from postnatal depression; a distressing disorder more
prolonged than the “blues” (which occur in the first week after delivery) but less severe than puerperal
psychosis.
Previous studies have shown that postnatal depression affects at least 10% of women and that
many depressed mothers remain untreated. These mothers may cope with their baby and with
household tasks, but their enjoyment of life is seriously affected and it is possible that there are longterm effects on the family.
The EPDS was developed at health centres in Livingston and Edinburgh. It consists of ten
short statements. The mother underlines which of the four possible responses is closest to how she has
been feeling during the past week. Most mothers complete the scale without difficulty in less than 5
minutes.
The validation study showed that mothers who scored above a threshold 12/13 were likely to be
suffering from a depressive illness of varying severity. Nevertheless the EPDS score should not
override clinical judgement. A careful clinical assessment should be carried out to confirm the
diagnosis. The scale indicates how the mother has felt during the previous week, and in doubtful cases
it may be usefully repeated after 2 weeks. The scale will not detect mothers with anxiety neuroses,
phobias or personality disorders.
Instructions for users
1.
The mother is asked to underline the response which comes closest to how she has been feeling
in the previous 7 days.
2.
All ten items must be completed.
3.
Care should be taken to avoid the possibility of the mother discussing her answers with others.
4.
The mother should complete the scale herself, unless she has limited English or has difficulty
with reading.
5.
The EPDS may be used at 6-8 weeks to screen postnatal women or during pregnancy. The
child health clinic, postnatal check-up or a home visit may provide suitable opportunities for its
completion.
Cox, J. L., Holden, J. M., & Sagovsky, R. (1987). Detection of postnatal depression:
Development of the 10-item Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale. British Journal of
Psychiatry, 150, 782-786.
This Spanish version was developed at the University of Iowa based on earlier Spanish versions of the
instrument. For further information, please contact Michael W. O’Hara, Department of Psychology,
University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52245. [email protected]
\\SHAREDPC\Shared1\Perinatal Depression Task Force\screening instruments\EPDS - Spanish O'Hara.doc
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