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Global Road Safety - Fact Sheet

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Global Road Safety - Fact Sheet
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Global Road Safety - Fact Sheet
At a Glance
Road traffic injuries kill nearly 1.3 million people a year and are the leading or second leading cause of death
among youths and young adults worldwide. Around 90 percent of road crashes occur in low- and middle-income
countries. With GDP loss per country pegged at between 1-3%, the economic and social cost of this epidemic
can exceed the amount of overseas aid coming in to countries. Hospital systems are clogged with traffic victims,
straining scarce medical resources. Without strong social safety nets to compensate victims or their families,
road traffic injuries can thrust aspiring generations into a cycle of poverty.
In an effort to alter the status quo, a UN Decade of Action for Road Safety was launched on May 11, 2011, with a
goal of preventing 5 million road traffic deaths and 50 million serious injuries globally by 2020. The UN Road
Safety Collaboration has developed a Global Plan of Action that provides an overall framework for activities
during the Decade.
Yet, in many parts of the world road safety institutions remain weak and seriously under-resourced, presenting a
formidable barrier to progress. To prevent the global road safety crisis from worsening substantially over the next
decade, the World Bank is helping its client countries make determined and coordinated commitments to take
ownership of the problem and improve their road safety outcomes.
Context
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Road safety is a global public health crisis, and fast becoming an obstacle to economic development for
many low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Taken globally, road injuries killed 1.3 million people in
2010 and were the eighth leading cause of death, according to the findings of the recently published
2010 Global Burden of Disease, an unprecedented epidemiological estimate of 150 major health
conditions conducted by the International Health & Metrics Institute.
Not everyone is affected equally. Among males, traffic injuries are the leading cause of death for the 1524 year old age group, and second cause of death for young adults aged 25-39. Injury rates are also
highest and rising in the poorest regions of the world, in contrast with high-income regions with a long
history of road safety programs, most of which have seen fatalities and serious injuries steadily decline
over the last three decades.
Beyond the enormous personal suffering they cause, road traffic injuries place a huge strain on health
care systems, and challenge development objectives. Across low- and middle-income countries (LMICs),
where 90% of fatal crashes occur, losses due to traffic injuries are estimated at US$100 billion per year.
At national level, this aggregate translates into losses of 1-3% of GDP, a figure higher than many LMICs
receive in development assistance.
In an effort to alter the status quo, a UN Decade of Action for Road Safety was launched on May 11,
2011 supported by 80 countries, with a goal of preventing 5 million road traffic deaths and 50 million
serious injuries globally by 2020. The launch of the Decade has energized governments to develop and
implement national action plans to avert an even worse carnage.
The UN Road Safety Collaboration has developed a Global Plan of Action that provides an overall
framework for activities built around five "pillars": building road safety management capacity; improving
the safety of road infrastructure and broader transport networks; further developing the safety of
vehicles; enhancing the behavior of road users; and improving post-crash care. In 2013, the Global
Status Report on Road Safety provided a comprehensive, country-by-country, measure of performance
across each of the pillars.
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Strategy
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Effective road safety management is complex. Institutional collaboration is needed to achieve effective,
sustainable interventions. In practice, this means ramping up capacity to implement solutions and
managing road safety in a context where multiple agencies share responsibility.
The World Bank acknowledges the magnitude of the road safety problem and is committed to working
with client governments to determine specific road safety interventions and provide technical assistance
for activities that increase their capacity to prepare, prioritize and implement cost-effective, multi-sectoral
road safety programs. These efforts are translating into a new generation of interventions visible across
an increasing number of country projects.
The World Bank has established a Global Road Safety Facility to provide funding, knowledge, and
technical assistance designed to leverage road safety investments in existing transport operations and
scale-up the efforts of low- and middle-income countries to build their scientific, technological and
managerial capacities. This is being achieved by guiding the process of elaborating country –specific
responses to identified institutional weaknesses, improving systematic road infrastructure assessments
at the design stage, designing interventions reliant on inter-agency coordination and supporting the
improvement of data management systems.
At the global level, the World Bank is committed to elevating road safety advocacy and building
partnerships in support of raising road safety capacity management. The World Bank contributed to the
launch of the UN Decade of Action and participates in the UN Road Safety Collaboration, alongside key
stakeholders from government, industry and civil society.
The World Bank has joined seven multilateral development banks, which together will account for
approximately US$200 billion worth of road building investments during the Decade of Action, in
committing to a shared program of global and regional road safety activities geared at accelerating
knowledge transfer, strengthening institutional capacity and scaling up road safety investment.
Results
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Through an appraisal tool developed by the Global Road Safety Facility to guide the process of
assessing institutional weaknesses, the World Bank has aided over 20 countries to prepare national
strategies towards managing road safety. New multi-sectoral safety-focused projects have been
implemented in countries such as Argentina, China, India, and Vietnam, with clear results evidenced by
changes in legislation and improved statistics around particular risk factors such as speeding, seat belt
and helmet wearing.
The World Bank promotes safer road infrastructure design and is pioneering the use if Safety Ratings as
an objective measure of the level of user risk. Through grants provided by the Facility to the International
Road Assessment Program (iRAP), over 30,000 km of roads in 12 countries have been systematically
inspected for life-saving engineering improvements.
The World Bank has supported efforts to place road safety on the political agenda in the Latin American
and Caribbean region. The project supported the creation of an innovative virtual platform, the IberoAmerican Road Safety Observatory (OISEVI), which 22 countries use to exchange experiences and
develop statistics to design effective policy solutions. In Argentina, the pilot country for reform, the
results were important improvements in road safety indicators.
Related Links: www.worldbank.org/grsf
Contacts:
Cathy Russell: (202) 458-8124, [email protected]
Updated May 2013
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