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¡Ven Conmigo! Spanish 1

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¡Ven Conmigo! Spanish 1
¡Ven Conmigo!
Spanish 1
Capítulo 4:
¿Qué haces esta tarde?
Vocabulario
1. cuidar a tu hermano/a
to take care of your
brother/sister
2. descansar en el parque
to rest in the park
3. dibujar
to draw
4. escuchar música
to listen to music
5. jugar a
to play (a sport or game)
6. lavar el carro
to wash the car
7. lavar la ropa
to wash the clothes
8. mirar la televisión
to watch TV
9. nadar en la piscina
to swim in the pool
10. sacar la basura
to take out the trash
11. tocar
to play (an instrument)
Talking about what you like to do
To find out what a friend likes
to do, ask:
To respond, say:
A ti, ¿qué te gusta hacer?
What do you like to do?
Me gusta pintar.
I like to paint.
¿A Manuel le gusta estudiar?
Does Manuel like to study?
¿A quién le gusta bailar y cantar?
Who likes to dance and sing?
No, no le gusta estudiar.
… he doesn’t like…
Pero le gusta hablar por teléfono.
…to talk on the phone.
A mi me gusta bailar y cantar.
Por eso me gustan las fiestas.
That’s why I like…
Quick Connection
English often uses the –ing form of the verb where Spanish uses the infinitive (the
form that ends in –ar, -er, or –ir).
Example: Me gusta ir al centro comercial.
I like going to the mall.
How would you say the following in Spanish?
1.I like drawing.
2.I like listening to music.
3.I like swimming in the pool.
4.I don’t like taking out the trash.
5.I don’t like taking care of my brother.
Gramática
Present tense of regular -ar verbs
1.In Spanish and English verbs change depending on the subject (the
person doing the action). This is called conjugating the verb.
2.In Spanish there are three main groups of verbs; their infinitive (the
unchanged form of a verb) ends in –ar, -er, or –ir.
3.To conjugate hablar or any other regular –ar verb, take the part of
the verb called the stem (habl-) and add these endings:
(yo)
(tú)
hablo
hablas
(nosotros/as)
(vosotros/as)
hablamos
habláis
(usted)
(él)
(ella)
habla
habla
habla
(ustedes)
(ellos)
(ellas)
hablan
hablan
hablan
Note: tú is informal, usted is formal
we speak
you speak (plural, Spain)
Práctica
Conjugating –ar verbs in the present tense
Example: cuidar (infinitive) → cuid (stem) → -o, -as, -a, -amos, -áis, -an
1.Find the stem for the following verbs:
descansar (infinitive)
descans- (stem)
dibujar (infinitive)
dibuj- (stem)
mirar (infinitive)
mir- (stem)
2. Now conjugate them in the yo, tú, nosotros and ellos form.
Boleto de salida
Conjugate the following verbs for yo, ella, nosotros, ellos:
1.lavar
2.nadar
3.Tocar
How would you say the following in Spanish?
4. I like washing the car.
5. I don’t like washing the clothes.
Vocabulario
1. pasar el rato con amigos
to spend time with friends
2. caminar con el perro
to walk with the dog
4. trabajar en un restaurante
to work at a restaurant
5. tomar un refresco
to drink a refreshment
3. montar/andar/pasear en bicicleta/bici
to ride a bike
7. preparar la cena
to prepare dinner
6. tomar un helado
to eat an ice-cream
Discussing what you and others do during free time
To ask what a friend does after school, say:
To respond:
¿Qué haces después de clases?
What do you do after school?
Descanso. Después juego al futbol.
I rest… I play…
¿Tocas el piano?
Do you play the piano?
¿Bailan ustedes antes de regresar a casa?
Do you (plural) dance before returning home?
No, pero toco la guitarra.
…I play the guitar.
Sí, nosotros bailamos con un grupo
de baile. Y también jugamos al tenis.
Yes, we dance with a dance group…
we play…
¿Practican deportes Luis y Carmen en el tiempo libre?
Do Luis and Carmen practice sports during free time?
No, ellos no practican deportes.
Juegan a los videojuegos.
… they don’t practice…They play…
Nota gramatical
1. The verb jugar has the following conjugation:
juego
juegas
juega
jugamos
jugáis
juegan
2. The preposition a combines with el to form the
contraction al.
Yo juego a el fútbol. → Yo juego al fútbol.
Práctica
Listening Comprehension
Página 114, actividad 8, números 1-5
Writing
Página 115, actividad 9, números 1-6
Página 116, actividad 10, números 1-7
Página 116, actividad 11
Nota gramatical
1. To talk about doing things with someone else, con is used with a
pronoun like él or ella.
¿Quién trabaja con Luisa?
Yo trabajo con ella.
¿Quién toma un refresco con David?
Laura toma una limonada con él.
2. The expressions with me and with you (familiar) have special forms.
¿Quién estudia contigo?
Who … with you?
Mi amigo Miguel estudia conmigo. …with me.
Nota gramatical
Que is a very common word in Spanish. It can
refer to either people or things and can mean that,
which, or who.
Tengo una amiga que canta bien.
La música que me gusta escuchar es rock en
español.
Nota gramatical
The verb estar (to be) is used to talk about location.
Here are the present tense forms of the verb.
(yo)
(tú)
(el/ella/usted)
Estoy en la librería.
Estás con tu familia.
Está en el centro.
(nosotros)
(vosotros)
(ellos/as/ustedes)
Estamos en casa.
Estáis en la clase.
Están en el cuarto.
Vocabulario:Prepositions
1. al lado de
next to; to one side
of
2. allá
there
3. aquí
here
4. cerca de
near
5. debajo de
under; beneath
6. encima de
on top of
7. lejos de
far from
Telling where people and things are
To ask:
To respond:
¿Dónde estás?
Where are you?
Estoy en el centro. Necesito
encontrar a María Inés.
I’m downtown.
¿No está en la escuela de baile?
Isn’t she…?
No, no está aquí.
No, she’s not here.
Está en el trabajo.
She’s at work.
Práctica
Writing
Página 118, Actividad 19, (Copy the paragraph and fill in
the blanks.)
Listening Comprehension
Página 120, Actividad 21
Writing
Página 120, Actividad 22, Números 1-6
Example: Juan Luis quiere comprar fruta y chocolate.
Él necesita ir al supermercado. Está cerca del restaurante y al
lado del cine.
Subject pronouns
Gramática
Spanish speakers don’t use subject pronouns as often as English
speakers do. That’s because the verb ending usually indicates the
subject of the verb.
yo
compro
nosotros, nosotras compramos
tú
compras
vosotros, vosotras
compráis
usted compra
ustedes, ellos, ellas compran
él, ella
1. In general, tú is used to speak to people with whom you are on a firstname basis. Use usted with adults and people in authority.
2. In Spain, vosotros is the plural of tú, while ustedes is the plural of
usted. In the Americas, ustedes is the plural of both tú and usted.
3. The masculine forms (nosotros and vosotros) are used to refer to
groups of males and groups including both males and females. The
feminine forms nosotras and vosotras refer to groups including only
females.
Nota gramatical
Ir (to go) is an irregular verb, since its conjugation
doesn’t follow any pattern. To ask where someone is
going, use the question word ¿adónde? ([to] where?).
Voy al cine.
¿Adónde vas ahora?
Va al gimnasio.
Vamos a la piscina.
Vais a casa.
Van al baile.
Talking about where you go during free time
To ask where someone is
going, say:
To respond:
¿Adónde vas?
Where are you going?
Voy a la biblioteca para
estudiar.
I’m going … in order to study.
¿Adónde va María Inés?
María Inés va al correo. Luego
Where is Maria Ines going? va al cine para ver una
película.
… in order to see a movie.
Nota cultural

El paseo is a tradition in
Spanish-speaking countries;
people walk around the
plaza or along the streets of
a town in the evening to
socialize, and to see and be
seen by others.

In Spain and Latin America, there are fewer schoolsponsored extracurricular activities for high school students
than in the United States. Teenagers who play sports will
often join independent teams, since may schools don’t
have their own teams.
Vocabulario: Los días de la semana
Diciembre
el fin de semana
lunes martes miércoles jueves viernes sábado domingo
Monday
7
Tuesday
8
Wednesday
9
Thursday
10
Friday
11
Saturday
12
Sunday
13
Spanish calendars look slightly different than calendars in
English; el lunes (Monday), not el domingo (Sunday), is the
first day of the week. This makes more sense of the term
“weekend,” as Saturday and Sunday are together at the end
of the week.
Nota gramatical
1. Always use el before a day of the week except
when stating what day it is. Hoy es martes.
2. To make sábado and domingo plural, add –s.
3. To say on Monday, on Tuesday, etc., use el
lunes, el martes. Voy al gimnasio el jueves.
4. To say on Mondays, on Tuesdays, etc., use los
lunes, los martes.
Los lunes, vamos al colegio.
5. Days of the week are not capitalized in Spanish.
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