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Pensar

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Pensar
SPANISH
(Stem changing verbs)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=U5oAHfWaZ7Y
Words in Spanish are composed
with a stem (root) and affixes.
Affixes give gender,
number, conjugation, etc.
Gat = gato-a
gatos
Boot verbs (stem changing verbs)
have specific changes.
The “stem” has a small change in
spelling when we conjugate them
in yo, tú, él, ella, Ud., ellos, Uds
forms
stems
Cerrar = to close
Empezar = to start, to begin
Preferir = to prefer
Querer = to like
Pensar = to think
Entender = to understand
All boot verb
conjugations
that would be
“in the boot”
have a change
before adding
the regular
endings.
VOSOTROS
Only “nosotros” and “vosotros”
don’t have this change
I stay out of
the boot!
Me too!
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
We feel regular & normal.
We don’t like all of these crazy
changes, so we avoid boots.
Please click on the form that would not have a
BOOT verb change.
Ellos
vosotros
Nosotros
Vosotros
Some boot change verbs take an
innocent little “e” and make it
into an “ie.”
See what happens with the verb
“pensar”
As usual, the “—ar” ending comes off.
Pensar
As usual, the “—ar” ending comes off.
Pens-
Now the “e” becomes “ie”.
Pens-
Now the “e” becomes “ie”.
Piens-
Now you just add the regular endings.
Piens-
For example: With “Yo” you add
the “-o”.
Yo Pienso
-o
-as
Tú Piens_ -a
-nosotros
-vosotros
-an
What would you add with all?
Remember the “-ar” endings?
Yo
-o
Nosotros
Tú
-as
X
-a
Ellos
Ellas
Ustedes
Él
Ella
Usted
-amos
-an
¡Muy bien!
Tú Piensas
How would you conjugate?
Pensar
Yo
Nosotros-as
Pienso
pensamos
Tú
Vosotros –as
piensas
pensáis
Él, ella, usted
piensa
Ellos –as , ustedes
piensan
So now that you know about the “e” to “-ie” boot verbs, click on the
form that would not make this
change with these boot verbs:
Él (pensar)
Yo (querer)
Ella (comenzar)
Nosotros (preferir)
Tú (cerrar)
Maybe you
need to see
this again.
Hmmmm…
¡Excelente! Notice that the
“nosotros” form kept its innocent
little “e,” but nobody else did?
Él piensa
Yo quiero
Ellas comienzan
Nosotros preferimos
Tú cierras
You remembered that “nosotros”
and “vosotros” don’t have
the boot verb change.
I stay out of
the boot!
Me too!
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
So now you get the idea of the “e” to
“ie” boot verbs.
There are some boot verbs that make a
change from an “o” or a “u” into “ue.”
like jugar, dormir, poder, almorzar,
volver, costar,
One that we have practiced is “jugar.”
It is a “u” to “ue” boot verb.
All you need to do now is get
through a maze to give “jugar”
its “ue.”
Sounds simple, doesn’t it?
All you have to do to finish the
practice it get to the “ue.”
Es muy fácil.
Ok, click the “jugar” button to play.
Oh, by the way: Don’t touch
the walls of the maze.
You will have 10 seconds.
Suerte.
JUGAR
UE
JUGAR
Ouch! You got the boot!
That must have hurt!
Try again.
¡Tú juegas muy bien!
You have completed your boot verb practice!
P.S.: I was just kidding about only having 10 seconds. If you did it that fast, give yourself a pat on the back. Gracias.
There are also some boot verbs
that make a change from e into
i such as servir (to serve), pedir (to
order, to ask for)
We will study them later…..
¡Chévere!
¡No hay más!
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