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Plurals of nouns notes

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Plurals of nouns notes
Page 110
Realidades 1
Nouns
NOUNS

Nouns refer to people,
animals, places, and
things.
NOUNS

In Spanish, nouns have
gender. They are either
masculine or feminine.
Masculine / Feminine
Most nouns that end in
-o are masculine.
 Most nouns that end in -a
are feminine.

Masculine / Feminine
For example:
el libro
la calculadora
 Exceptions: el día, la
mano

Other Spanish Nouns
Other Spanish nouns end
in -e or a consonant.
 El pupitre, la nariz, el lápiz

Other Spanish Nouns

For example:
el cine el profesor
la clase la televisión
Other Spanish Nouns

Some can be both
masculine and feminine:
el/la estudiante
Making Nouns Plural




To make nouns plural you usually add
-s to words ending in a vowel and -es to
words ending in a consonant.
silla
sillas
teclado
teclados
cartel
carteles
Making Nouns Plural


Singular nouns that end in z change the
z to c in the plural.
El lápiz
los lápices
Definite Articles

El , La , Los and Las are
called definite articles.
 In English they mean
“the”
Definite Articles

We use El and Los with
masculine nouns and La
and Las with feminine
nouns.
Indefinite Articles

Un, Una, Unos, and Unas
are indefinite articles.
Indefinite Articles

Un and Una mean
“a or an” in English.
Indefinite Articles

Unos and Unas mean
“some” in English.
Indefinite Articles

Un and Unos are
masculine and Una and
Unas are feminine.
It’s a good idea to
learn a noun with its
definite article, el or
la, because that will
usually tell you the
gender.
Examples






Un libro  unos libros
Un pupitre  unos pupitres
Una silla  unas sillas
Una ventana  unas ventanas
El bolígrafo  los bolígrafos
La carpeta  las carpetas
Make these words plural
1. La bandera
Las banderas
2. El reloj
Los relojes
3. Un estudiante
Unos estudiantes
4. Una profesora
Unas profesoras
5. El escritorio
Los escritorios
6. Una mesa
Unas mesas
7. La boca
Las bocas
8. Un lápiz
Unos lapices
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