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Los Verbos Regulares en presente

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Los Verbos Regulares en presente
Los Verbos
Regulares
Present tense conjugations
of regular –AR, -ER, - IR
verbs
-AR Verbs
• In Spanish, there are
three classes – verb
families (or
conjugations) of verbs:
those that end in –AR,
those that end in –ER,
and those that end in –
IR. This is important
because the conjugation
determines the endings
you put on the verbs.
Los Verbos:
• Verbs are “action words” = to do
something
• These 3 verb families in Spanish: -AR,
-ER, -IR (are based on the endings of
the infinitives of the verbs)
• The following are example verb
infinitives: verb form that is found in the
dictionary
– Ex: -AR = Bailar = to dance
– Ex: -ER = Comer = to eat
– EX: -IR = Escribir = to write
Every verb has 2 parts
The stem + ending
• The stem of a verb is the part of the verb
you get when you take the –ar, -er or –ir
off of the infinitive
• Ex:
Infinitive:
Hablar
Comer
Escribir
Stem:
Habl
Com
Escrib
Conjugation of verbs: Il Tiempo presente:
• Conjugation = changing the endings of the verb
so that the verb agrees with the subject of the
sentence (person doing the action of the verb)
• In English:
• We conjugate in 2 forms and use pronouns.
• We say “I speak, he speaks, we speak.” We
don’t realize we are changing our endings.
• In Spanish:
• the endings are more exact
• there are 5 different endings on the stem of
the verb so we know who is doing the action
by the endings of the verb.
• pronouns are therefore not necessary.
Los Pronombres Personales
(Subject Pronouns)
Singular
Plural
yo
nosotros
tú
él / ella /
Ud.
ellos / ellas /
Uds.
Present-tense verbs in Spanish can have
several English equivalents. Each simple
expression in Spanish may convey three
different ideas in English:
(yo)
(Yo) estudio espanol:

I study
Spanish.
simple statement
emphasis
 I do study
Spanish.
 I am studying Spanish.
action in progress
Conjugation of verbs cont’d:
– There are endings of the verb for each subject
pronoun in Spanish. Therefore, each ending is
different for the subject of the sentence.
– To conjugate a verb there are 2 parts: drop the
infinitive and add the ending for each pronoun
to the stem:
ex:
Hablar = to speak
stem = Habl
Yo
hablo
nosotros hablamos
Tu
hablas
el/ella habla
ellos/ellas hablan
Ud. habla
Uds.
hablan
To form the present tense
(AR):
STEM
-o
+
Verb ending
-amos
-as
-a
-an
-ER endings – present tense
conjugation
The endings for regular -ER
verbs are the same as for –
AR verbs, except that the
vowel is –E- instead of –A-!
yo -o
tú -es
él, ella, Ud. -e
nosotros -emos
ellos -en
ustedes –en
What about the –IR Verbs?
Well, take a look for
yourself. Can you find the
one difference?
beber
vivir
bebo
vivo
bebes
vives
bebe
vive
bebemos
vivimos
beben
viven
Regular Present Tense
To summarize, here are
the endings for the three
verb conjugations:
-AR
-ER
-IR
-o
-o
-o
-as
-es
-es
-a
-e
-e
-amos –emos –imos
-an
-en
-en
Practica: Conjugate the correct form for
each pronoun and translate into English:
1. Yo (hablar)
2. Mi hermano (mirar)
3. Mis hermanos y yo
(ayudar)
4. Uds. (cocinar)
5. Mis padres (trabajar)
6. Tu (descansar)
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Tu (comer)
Mi padre (vender)
Yo (leer)
Marco y yo (hacer)
Paco y Ana (conocer)
1. (asistir) Mis parientes________ a una cena grande a
casa de mi abuela.
2. (salir) Siempre ____ tu’ mucho con amigos los fines de
semana?
3. (decidir) Mis amgios y yo _____ de ir al cine hoy.
Practice: Conj. the verb in Span. in the sent:
 (lavar) Su madre ________ la ropa todos los días.
 (hacer) Mis hermanos y yo _____ las camas por la
mañana.
 (recibir) Marta siempre _______ buenas notas en sus
clases.
 (cuidar) ¿_____ tú a tu hermano menor después de
clases?
 (poner) ¿________ Uds. la mesa para la cena?
 (ver) Los domingos, mi padre y mi hermano _____ el
partido de fútbol americano en la tele.
 (montar) Yo _____ en bicicleta en el tiempo libre.
Practice: Conj. the verb in Span. in the sent:
 (to attend) ¿Adónde ______ a la fiesta la familia?
 (to eat) Todos _______ la cena a las seis.
 (to celebrate) Mi familia y yo ________ los días
de fiesta en casa con nuestros parientes.
 (to travel) Mi tía ______ de Colombia este mes.
 (to read) ¿____ tú mucho en el tiempo libre?
 (to take out) Después de la cena, yo siempre
______ la basura.
 (to live) Mis padres, mis hermanos y yo _______
en una casa grande en calle Hidalgo.
Las Preguntas
(the questions)
Que significa la pregunta
When forming a simple yes/no question you
open with a verb and elminate in English the
“do you” or “does he/she” because it is
translated in the question with the verb
already. Spanish doesn’t have a “do you”
translation for questions.
¿Estudia Carlos en la biblioteca?
Does Carlos study in the library?
¿Tocas la guitarra?
Do you play the guitar?
Question
Answer
yo
tú / Ud.
tú
yo
él / ella
él / ella
Ud.
yo
nosotros
Uds. / nosotros
ellos / ellas
ellos / ellas
Uds. / tú y tus
amigos
nosotros
Ahoras: Formen una pregunta de Sí o no y
respondan en una frase completa
1.
2.
3.
4.
Marta / escribir bien / las frases (sí)
Tú / trabajar / los fines de semana (no)
Marcos y Juan / correr / por la noche (no)
Tú y Anita / comprender todo / en la clase de
ciencias (sí)
5. Ud. / bailar mucho / en las fiestas (sí)
6. Las chicas / salir con los chicos / el viernes
por la noche (no)
•
Translate the
following AR verbs
into Spanish:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
To admire
To fix (tidy up)
To look for
To change
To cut
To wish/want
To win
To invite
To arrive
To return
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
Admirar
Arreglar
Buscar
Cambiar
Cortar
Desear
Ganar
Invitar
Llegar
regresar
•
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Traduzcan las preguntas o las frases en
español: (AR Verbs)
Juan y Carla fix up the house.
My father works in an office in the city.
Do you play the piano?
The class ends in 10 minutes.
Is your sister using the computer?
My parents and I travel to the beach in the
summer.
7. Do all of you answer in Spanish?
•
Traduzcan las preguntas o las frases en español:
(ER/IR Verbs)
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
We are learning a lot of Spanish.
Is the class reading a funny novel?
I promise to make the bed.
The boys understand Spanish well.
Do you eat dinner with your grandparents on Sundays?
My friends and I insist on seeing a movie.
Does your brother receive good grades?
I write many letters in Spanish to my cousins in Peru.
Do the teachers permit phones in class?
¿Cómo se dice en español?
 My mother washes the dishes after dinner.
 My father never cooks.
 My older brothers are smart and attend the university.
 I clean up my room on the weekends.
 My family and I visit my grandparents on Sunday and eat
dinner with them.
 My brother walks the dog in the park.
 My friends and I go out on Fridays and see a movie in
the theater.
 My grandmother buys food at the supermarket and
spends a lot of money.
 In my free time, I talk on the phone, listen to the radio,
hang out with my friends and ride my bike.
 My cousin is lazy and doesn’t read or do homework for
English class.
 My sister-in-law is a teacher and teaches well.
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