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Pablo Picasso

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Pablo Picasso
Realidades I
Capítulo 1A
Pablo Picasso
•
Pablo Picasso (1881–1973), one of
the best known Spanish artists of the
twentieth century, had a long,
productive career creating art in a
wide range of styles and forms. He
showed remarkable artistic talent as a
child and had his first exhibition when
he was 13 years old.
•
Three Musicians is an example of
Picasso’s cubist painting style.
•
Study this painting and list some
characteristics that show why this
style is known as “cubism.”
Musiciens aux masques / Three
Musicians
(1921), Pablo Picasso
•
Outdoor cafés
• Outdoor cafés are popular
gathering places throughout
the Spanish-speaking world.
Friends go there to enjoy a
snack or light meal, catch up
with one another, or just watch
people go by.
• Where do you go to spend time
with friends or to meet new
ones? How does your
experience compare with that
of the Spanish teens shown
here at a café in Madrid’s Plaza
Mayor?
Hmmmm…..Don’t we also
meet with our friends at
restaurants or cafés?
Cognates
• Words that look alike and have similar meanings in English and
Spanish are called cognates (cognados).
• Here are examples from this chapter:
Spanish
popular
usar
guitarra
computadora
English
popular
to use
guitar
computer
• Strategy
Recognizing cognates
***Becoming skilled at recognizing cognates will help you understand
what you read and will increase your vocabulary.***
El merengue
 El merengue
El güiro
• Jaime Antonio González
Colson (1901–1975) was an
artist from the Dominican
Republic. His works usually
focused on the people and
culture of his homeland.
• The merengue, the dance
shown in this painting,
originated in the Dominican
Republic in the nineteenth
century.
• One of the instruments used to
accompany it is the güiro
(shown at the top right), made
from a gourd and played by
scraping it with a forked stick.
• What instruments set the
rhythms in the music that you
listen to?
Los bailes del mundo hispano
•
•
El flamenco es
un baile típico
de España. El
instrumento
más importante
en el flamenco
es la guitarra.
•
•
En la
República
Dominicana,
el baile
tradicional es
el merengue.
El merengue
tiene muchos
ritmos
africanos.
En
Argentina, el
tango es
muy popular.
Es un baile
romántico.
En Puerto Rico,
la salsa es el
baile preferido.
El ritmo de la
salsa es popular
en la música de
los Estados
Unidos también.
La cumbia es
el baile más
famoso de
Colombia.
Pronunciación
The vowels a, e, and i
The vowel sounds in Spanish are different from those in English. In Spanish, each vowel has just
one sound. Spanish vowels are also quicker and shorter than those in English.
The letter a is similar to the sound in the English word pop. Listen to and say these words:
andar
cantar
hablar
trabajar
nadar
pasar
The letter e is similar to the sound in the English word met. Listen to and say these words:
tele
me
es
Elena
deportes
The letter i is similar to the sound in the English word see. As you have already seen, the letter y
sometimes has the same sound as i. Listen to and say these words:
sí
escribir
patinar
lápiz
Try it out! Listen to and say this rhyme:
A E I El perro canta para ti.
A E I El tigre baila para mí.
ti
mí
España
(The aqueduct at Segovia)
Spain was one of the most
important provinces of the
ancient Roman empire.
The Spanish language is
very closely related to
Latin, the language of that
empire. Roman
engineering also left its
mark on the Spanish
landscape, and some
Roman bridges are still in
use after almost 2,000
years! This photo shows
the Roman aqueduct in
Segovia, which was
constructed entirely
without mortar or clamps.
¿Sabes que . . . ?
Spain has five official languages:
1. Spanish
2. Catalan
3. Basque
4. Galician
5. Valencian
Valencian
Originally the language of Castile in central Spain,
Spanish is the primary national language and
is also spoken in most of Spain’s former
empire in North, Central, and South America.
La Alhambra
The Alhambra in Granada (shown above) is a
strongly fortified and beautiful complex of
palaces and gardens. It was also the last
stronghold of the Moors in Spain, falling to
Spain’s Catholic monarchs in 1492.
Parque del Buen Retiro
Originally a royal retreat, the
Parque del Buen Retiro is
now a favorite place for
the traditional Sundayafternoon paseo (stroll).
Throngs of people come
to enjoy the Retiro’s
lakes, gardens, and
museums, or simply to
spend time with friends or
family.
What are your favorite
places to go walking with
friends? Why?
The Bilbao Guggenheim Museum
• The Bilbao Guggenheim
Museum opened in
October 1997 and houses
a collectionof modern and
contemporary art.
• The building’s titaniumpaneled curves and
concrete blocks imitate
the harbor of Bilbao, a
principal seaport and
former shipbuilding center
in the heart of the Basque
country in the north.
Fly UP