Realidades I Capítulo 1A Pablo Picasso • Pablo Picasso (1881–1973), one of the best known Spanish artists of the twentieth century, had a long, productive career creating art in a wide range of styles and forms. He showed remarkable artistic talent as a child and had his first exhibition when he was 13 years old. • Three Musicians is an example of Picasso’s cubist painting style. • Study this painting and list some characteristics that show why this style is known as “cubism.” Musiciens aux masques / Three Musicians (1921), Pablo Picasso • Outdoor cafés • Outdoor cafés are popular gathering places throughout the Spanish-speaking world. Friends go there to enjoy a snack or light meal, catch up with one another, or just watch people go by. • Where do you go to spend time with friends or to meet new ones? How does your experience compare with that of the Spanish teens shown here at a café in Madrid’s Plaza Mayor? Hmmmm…..Don’t we also meet with our friends at restaurants or cafés? Cognates • Words that look alike and have similar meanings in English and Spanish are called cognates (cognados). • Here are examples from this chapter: Spanish popular usar guitarra computadora English popular to use guitar computer • Strategy Recognizing cognates ***Becoming skilled at recognizing cognates will help you understand what you read and will increase your vocabulary.*** El merengue El merengue El güiro • Jaime Antonio González Colson (1901–1975) was an artist from the Dominican Republic. His works usually focused on the people and culture of his homeland. • The merengue, the dance shown in this painting, originated in the Dominican Republic in the nineteenth century. • One of the instruments used to accompany it is the güiro (shown at the top right), made from a gourd and played by scraping it with a forked stick. • What instruments set the rhythms in the music that you listen to? Los bailes del mundo hispano • • El flamenco es un baile típico de España. El instrumento más importante en el flamenco es la guitarra. • • En la República Dominicana, el baile tradicional es el merengue. El merengue tiene muchos ritmos africanos. En Argentina, el tango es muy popular. Es un baile romántico. En Puerto Rico, la salsa es el baile preferido. El ritmo de la salsa es popular en la música de los Estados Unidos también. La cumbia es el baile más famoso de Colombia. Pronunciación The vowels a, e, and i The vowel sounds in Spanish are different from those in English. In Spanish, each vowel has just one sound. Spanish vowels are also quicker and shorter than those in English. The letter a is similar to the sound in the English word pop. Listen to and say these words: andar cantar hablar trabajar nadar pasar The letter e is similar to the sound in the English word met. Listen to and say these words: tele me es Elena deportes The letter i is similar to the sound in the English word see. As you have already seen, the letter y sometimes has the same sound as i. Listen to and say these words: sí escribir patinar lápiz Try it out! Listen to and say this rhyme: A E I El perro canta para ti. A E I El tigre baila para mí. ti mí España (The aqueduct at Segovia) Spain was one of the most important provinces of the ancient Roman empire. The Spanish language is very closely related to Latin, the language of that empire. Roman engineering also left its mark on the Spanish landscape, and some Roman bridges are still in use after almost 2,000 years! This photo shows the Roman aqueduct in Segovia, which was constructed entirely without mortar or clamps. ¿Sabes que . . . ? Spain has five official languages: 1. Spanish 2. Catalan 3. Basque 4. Galician 5. Valencian Valencian Originally the language of Castile in central Spain, Spanish is the primary national language and is also spoken in most of Spain’s former empire in North, Central, and South America. La Alhambra The Alhambra in Granada (shown above) is a strongly fortified and beautiful complex of palaces and gardens. It was also the last stronghold of the Moors in Spain, falling to Spain’s Catholic monarchs in 1492. Parque del Buen Retiro Originally a royal retreat, the Parque del Buen Retiro is now a favorite place for the traditional Sundayafternoon paseo (stroll). Throngs of people come to enjoy the Retiro’s lakes, gardens, and museums, or simply to spend time with friends or family. What are your favorite places to go walking with friends? Why? The Bilbao Guggenheim Museum • The Bilbao Guggenheim Museum opened in October 1997 and houses a collectionof modern and contemporary art. • The building’s titaniumpaneled curves and concrete blocks imitate the harbor of Bilbao, a principal seaport and former shipbuilding center in the heart of the Basque country in the north.