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Direct and Indirect Object Pronouns

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Direct and Indirect Object Pronouns
Indirect
Objects
Let’s Review…
The Direct Object answers the question
WHO or WHAT after the verb.
When we identify the Direct Object we
can replace it with a pronoun.
The pronoun can be placed in the
following locations:
1. Before the conjugated verb
2. Attached to an infinitive verb
3. Attached to the progressive form
WHAT IS An INDIRECT
OBJECT?
The indirect object tells us WHO the direct
object goes to.
¿Qué?
For example, in the sentence:
“He gives the book to María.”
The direct object is BOOK, and the indirect object is
María.
Let’s label some
sentences...
Label the SUBJECT,
VERB, DIRECT OBJECT, and
INDIRECT OBJECT.
Johnny gives his dog a
bone.
Johnny gives a bone to his do
SUBJECT
SUBJECT
VERB
I.D.O.
VERB
D.O.
D.O.
I.D.O.
Johnny gives his dog to the S
SUBJECT
VERB
I sing often.
SUBJECT
VERB
D.O.
I.D.O.
SOME SENTENCES HAVE
NO INDIRECT OBJECT!
Let’s do some more…You find the
INDIRECT OBJECT
I give a lecture to the kids.
We give the bill to Laura.
You have to tell the price to us.
Raul gave Eva the flowers.
Señor Rudis showed us the power point.
Mom serves enchiladas to her guests.
Ricky Martin gave the CD to my friends.
You try these…
Mis amigos dan dinero a mis
SUBJECT
VERB
D.O.
I.D.O.
padres.
El perro de Leonardo juega béisbol
SUBJECT
VERB
D.O.
I.D.O.
conmigo.
(with me)
Su profesor de español enseña
mucha gramatica a los alumnos.
D.O.
I.D.O.
SUBJECT
VERB
Nosotros hacemos, para las chicas bellas, un
SUBJECT
VERB
I.D.O.
D.O.
pastel.
Indirect Object Pronouns
What is the problem with the following sentences?
I bought my friends a pizza.
I go to the movies with my friends.
I play baseball with my friends.
THEM
THEM
I have many classes with my friends.
THEM
TOO MANY FRIENDS!!!!
What should we do?
USE A PRONOUN!!!
.
Indirect Object Pronouns in
Spanish
me
te
le
nos
os
les
How do they work?
1. Identify the Indirect Object of the sentence.
2. Choose what pronoun to use
3. Eliminate the I.D.O. and replace with the
pronoun.
Roberto hace una pizza
para
.
nosotros
nos
Where do we place the
pronoun?
1. Before the conjugated verb.
Voy a dar el disco a mi novia………
Yo le voy a dar el disco.
2. Attached to an infinitive.
Voy a dar el disco a mi novia……..
Voy a darle el disco.
3. Attached to progressive (requires an accent).
Yo estoy dando el disco a mi novia.……..
Yo estoy dándole el disco.
You try these. Re-write with a
pronoun.
1. I sing for my parents.
Yo les canto.
2. We have to make coffee for our favorite Spanish teacher.
Tenemos que hacerle el
Le tenemos que hacer e
café.
3. You have to make dinner for your dumb, ungrateful family.
Tú le tienes que hacer la cena.
Le tienes que hacer la
4. Tú compras la television para mí. cena.
Tú me compras la televisión.
5. Yo voy a dar un beso a todas las chicas feas y bonitas.
Les voy a dar un
Voy a darles un
Double Object Pronouns
IDOPs (indirect object
pronouns) and DOPs (direct
object pronouns)
Reglas
Some verbs can have a direct object and
an indirect object
Always use an IDOP when there is an
indirect object
La mesera nos trajo (a Juan y a mí) el
pollo asado.
¡Vamos a practicar!
[Recipient: you] ¿ ___
enviaron tus padres dinero
también?
¿ Te enviaron tus padres
dinero también?
What if there is more than one
of “you” ?
¿ Les enviaron sus padres
dinero también?
Use the “Uds.” form!
Double trouble.
In all of the examples,
there are two objects.
That is, someone is giving
something to someone.
The something is the
direct object and the
someone (the recipient) is
the indirect object).
Say what?
Look at the examples and
identify the objects:
The teacher gave you an A.
– Recipient: you
– Thing received: an A
Bill Gates sent me a million
dollars.
– Recipient: me
– Thing received: a million dollars
My parents bought my little
sister a used car.
– Recipient: my little sister
– Thing received: a used car
Spanish direct and indirect object pronouns may be
used together in the same sentence just as in English.
As with most all pronoun use, the objective is to reduce
the length, complexity, or redundancy of the language.
Julián, ¿me traes la película?
Julián, will you bring me the movie?
IOP
DOP
Te la traigo en un momento.
I’ll bring it to you in a moment.
As with all object pronouns, double object pronouns are
placed before a conjugated verb, and the indirect object
pronoun (IOP) precedes the direct object pronoun (DOP).
Double objects
We can simplify each
sentence if we already know
what the objects refer to.
Look at this passage:
My little sister got a new
apartment across town, but
there is no bus service. She
saw a used car she liked a
lot, but she didn’t have a lot
of money. My parents
bought it for her.
Let’s take a closer look:
My parents bought it for
her.
The expression in red is
the indirect object (the
recipient) and the word
in yellow is the direct
object. Both are
pronouns.
What about in Spanish?
We can do the same thing
in Spanish:
Tengo que comprar un
libro para la clase de
historia, pero no tengo
dinero. Mis padres me lo
van a enviar por Western
Union.
– Recipient: me
– Thing received: lo (el
dinero)
se lo, se la, se los, se las
I threw it
thetoball
you.to you.
Yo te lo
tiré el. balón.
You threw it
thetoball
me.to me.
Tú me lo
tiraste el. balón.
Le and les must
change to se
before lo, la,
los or las.
I threw it
thetoball
him.to him.
Yo se
le lo
tiré el. balón.
You can’t “le lo” in Spanish!
The context of the situation or the previous statement or question will
clarify the meaning of se. Notice the following slide.
L+L=S+L
No, it’s not algebra
class! There is a special
rule about double object
pronouns that you will
need to know: if a
sentence has two
objects that both start
with L, the first one
changes to SE.
se lo, se la, se los, se las
¿Le prestas el dinero a Lupita?
Will you lend Lupita the money?
No, no se lo presto. Es mucho dinero.
No, I won’t lend it to her. It’s a lot of money.
Queremos comprarles los juguetes a los
niños, ¿no?
We want to buy the toys for the children, right?
Sí, vamos a comprárselos mañana.
Yes, we’ll buy them for them tomorrow.
I do!
Mis padres me lo van a
enviar por Western
Union.
Note that the indirect
object precedes the
direct object.
Think “indirect, direct
object”: I DO.
The combinations of object
pronouns in Spanish are as follows:
me lo, me la
me los, me las
nos lo, nos la
nos los, nos las
te lo, te la
te los, te las
os lo, os la
os los, os las
se lo, se la
se lo, se la
se los, se las
se los, se las
Reglas
When using DOPs and IDOPs, the order
is…
– IDOP + DOP…always
– Remember “I DO”
– or…. “123 IDV”
2 L’s = 1st changes to SE
¿Le dejaste la propina a la mesera?
Sí, ya se la dejé.
Práctica
She asked her for them. (strawberries).
Ella se las pidió.
We served you it. (steak with onions).
Nosotros te lo servimos.
I recommend them to you all. (tea and
flan).
Yo se los recomiendo.
¡Ya está!
To summarize, here are the four forms you will need:
Subject
yo
tú
él
ella
Ud.
nosotros
ellos
ellas
Reflexive
me
te
se
se
se
nos
se
se
Direct object
me
te
lo
la
lo, la
nos
los
las
Indirect object
me
te
le
le
le
nos
les
les
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