If Past Subjunctive, then Conditional
Saquen los apuntes Si clauses… (If I could, I would…) Past subjunctive – conditional Si clauses… • If I had a million dollars… ▫ Past subjunctive – hypothetical…not real…fiction • I would buy… ▫ Conditional – based on the conditions above… Condicional • Infinitivo + ía, ías, ía, íamos, ían • I would go = yo iría • She would see = ella vería • We would be = nosotros seríamos Irregulars • • • • • • • • • • Decir Hacer Poder Poner Salir Tener Venir Querer Saber Haber • • • • • • • • • • Diría Haría Podría Pondría Saldría Tendría Vendría Querría Sabría Habría Past Subjunctive • Based on pretérito / ellos ▫ -aron ▫ -ieron ▫ irregulares ▫ REVIEW!! A ver… 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. They went They ate They were (located) They were (traits) They had They did/made They played They slept/went to sleep They requested/asked for 10.They said/told • • • • • • • • • • Fueron Comieron Estuvieron Fueron Tuvieron Hicieron Jugaron Durmieron Pidieron Dijeron To make past subjunctive… • Drop the “on” • Add • If they went… •a • as •a • If I were located… amos an ▫ Si ellos fueran… ▫ Si yo estuviera… • If she had… ▫ Si ella tuviera… Follow the “si” – the past subjunctive is always attached to the “if” If I had a job, I would not be able to study. • Si yo tuviera un trabajo, yo no podría estudiar. I would go with you if you needed me. • Yo iría contigo si tú me necesitaras. What would you do if you were the leader? • ¿Qué harías tú si fueras el líder? Hola. Saquen los apuntes jueves – day 2 If I knew, I would tell you. What would you do if you were the leader? If you had time, would you go with us? If they had the resources, they could be more successful. They would leave if they could. They would like to participate if you’d permit it. Practice/Drill • Circle the “si” • Notice what tense you HAVE – label it C or PS • Use the other one • Think about what it means Respuestas: 1. Entenderían 2. Salieran 3. Se divertirían 4. Tuviera 5. Fuera 6. Tomaras 7. Estuviera 8. Nos apoyaríamos 9. Tendríamos 10.Si nosotros supiéramos la verdad, te diríamos. Buenos días -martes Saquen los cuadernos If they understood the problem, they would try to help. • Si ellos entendieran el problema, intentarían ayudar. (tratarían de ayudar) You all wouldn’t be friends if you moved away. • Uds. no serían amigos si te mudaras. If I didn’t have to work I would study more. • Si no tuviera que trabajar, estudiaría más. We would invite you if we knew you better. • Nosotros te invitaríamos si te conociéramos mejor. If we recycled more there would be less waste. • Si recicláramos más, habría menos basura (residuos, etc.) Buenos días -miáucoles Saquen los cuadernos If I were rich I would buy a car. • Si yo fuera rico/a, compraría un carro/coche. They would believe you if you told the truth. • Ellos te creerían si dijeras la verdad. If she wanted to go she would tell us. • Si ella quisiera ir, nos diría They would be sad if they lost. • Ellos estarían tristes si perdieran. If we were able to travel more we would learn a lot. • Si pudiéramos viajar más, aprenderíamos mucho. Buenos días If I had a job, I would not be able to study. I would go with you if you needed me. If I knew, I would tell you. If I were rich, I would buy a car. They would be sad if they lost. respuestas If I had a job, I would not be able to study. •Si yo tuviera un trabajo, no podría estudiar. I would go with you if you needed me. •Yo iría contigo si me necesitaras. If I knew, I would tell you. •Si yo supiera, te (lo) diría. If I were rich, I would buy a car. •Si yo fuera rico/a, compraría un carro/coche. They would be sad if they lost. •Ellos estarían tristes si perdieran.