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If Past Subjunctive, then Conditional

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If Past Subjunctive, then Conditional
Saquen los apuntes
Si clauses…
(If I could, I would…)
Past subjunctive – conditional
Si clauses…
• If I had a million dollars…
▫ Past subjunctive –
hypothetical…not real…fiction
• I would buy…
▫ Conditional – based on the
conditions above…
Condicional
• Infinitivo + ía, ías, ía, íamos, ían
• I would go = yo iría
• She would see = ella vería
• We would be = nosotros seríamos
Irregulars
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Decir
Hacer
Poder
Poner
Salir
Tener
Venir
Querer
Saber
Haber
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Diría
Haría
Podría
Pondría
Saldría
Tendría
Vendría
Querría
Sabría
Habría
Past Subjunctive
• Based on pretérito / ellos
▫ -aron
▫ -ieron
▫ irregulares
▫ REVIEW!!
A ver…
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
They went
They ate
They were (located)
They were (traits)
They had
They did/made
They played
They slept/went to sleep
They requested/asked
for
10.They said/told
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Fueron
Comieron
Estuvieron
Fueron
Tuvieron
Hicieron
Jugaron
Durmieron
Pidieron
Dijeron
To make past subjunctive…
• Drop the “on”
• Add
• If they went…
•a
• as
•a
• If I were located…
amos
an
▫ Si ellos fueran…
▫ Si yo estuviera…
• If she had…
▫ Si ella tuviera…
Follow the “si” –
the past subjunctive is always attached to the “if”
If I had a job, I would not be able to
study.
• Si yo tuviera un trabajo, yo no
podría estudiar.
I would go with you if you needed me.
• Yo iría contigo si tú me necesitaras.
What would you do if you were the
leader?
• ¿Qué harías tú si fueras el líder?
Hola. Saquen los apuntes
jueves – day 2
If I knew, I would tell you.
What would you do if you were the
leader?
If you had time, would you go with us?
If they had the resources, they could be
more successful.
They would leave if they could.
They would like to participate if you’d
permit it.
Practice/Drill
• Circle the “si”
• Notice what tense you HAVE – label it C or PS
• Use the other one
• Think about what it means
Respuestas:
1. Entenderían
2. Salieran
3. Se divertirían
4. Tuviera
5. Fuera
6. Tomaras
7. Estuviera
8. Nos apoyaríamos
9. Tendríamos
10.Si nosotros supiéramos la verdad, te
diríamos.
Buenos días
-martes
Saquen los cuadernos
If they understood the problem,
they would try to help.
• Si ellos entendieran el problema,
intentarían ayudar. (tratarían de
ayudar)
You all wouldn’t be friends
if you moved away.
• Uds. no serían amigos si te
mudaras.
If I didn’t have to work
I would study more.
• Si no tuviera que trabajar,
estudiaría más.
We would invite you
if we knew you better.
• Nosotros te invitaríamos si te
conociéramos mejor.
If we recycled more
there would be less waste.
• Si recicláramos más, habría
menos basura (residuos, etc.)
Buenos días
-miáucoles
Saquen los cuadernos
If I were rich
I would buy a car.
• Si yo fuera rico/a, compraría un
carro/coche.
They would believe you
if you told the truth.
• Ellos te creerían si dijeras la
verdad.
If she wanted to go
she would tell us.
• Si ella quisiera ir, nos diría
They would be sad
if they lost.
• Ellos estarían tristes si perdieran.
If we were able to travel more
we would learn a lot.
• Si pudiéramos viajar más,
aprenderíamos mucho.
Buenos días
If I had a job, I would not be
able to study.
I would go with you if you
needed me.
If I knew, I would tell you.
If I were rich, I would buy a
car.
They would be sad if they
lost.
respuestas
If I had a job, I would not be
able to study.
•Si yo tuviera un trabajo, no
podría estudiar.
I would go with you if you
needed me.
•Yo iría contigo si me
necesitaras.
If I knew, I would tell you.
•Si yo supiera, te (lo) diría.
If I were rich, I would buy a
car.
•Si yo fuera rico/a, compraría
un carro/coche.
They would be sad if they
lost.
•Ellos estarían tristes si
perdieran.
Fly UP