Three Worlds Dr. Diego Salazar R., PhD [email protected] The world is out of joint? Can this adult world expect his youth (their children and grandchildren, to be better than they are?. Since the adult world is all young people have to go by in their lives, then the problem to be solved is the culture of the adult world . The world of peers The world of parents The world of tv immaginary UNEASINESS IN THE CULTURE I have often wondered why I feel a very distinct discomfort in the Western culture in which I live. I found a possible answer. here is an attempt to translate it into words. It is not only a moral discomfort. it is much more than that Thomas theorem Nothing is either good or bad but thinking makes it so Hamlet THE PROBLEM IS NOT EVIL BUT THE CONSEQUENCES OF EVIL For the better sometimes for worse some others there have been important cultural changes THE CRISIS OF TRADITIONAL VALUES SANTA CLAUS REPLACES JESUS FOR CHRISTMASS NEL 1931, SI È VERIFICATO UNA IMPORTANTE TRANSIZIONE CULTURALE Human behavior: possibilities explain action*1 Bruno S. Frey, aus Foppa University of Zürich, Switzerland, University of Berne, Switzerland 1986. h 2002. The first and decisive stage of human decision making is determined by constraints and knowledge about the alternatives available to an individual. Four types of constraints define the individual's possibility set: resources, the state of technique, standards, and selfimposed constraints. Knowledge may be objective and subjective, but for individual behaviour personal knowledge which tells the particular individual what applies to himself, is decisive. In the second stage the individual decides between the (few) alternatives in the possibility set. decisions resources, the state of technique, standards, and self-imposed constraints. EVIL? Evil or psychopathology? Is there anything like evil? Is there anything like immorality? Is there anything like psychopathology? Dishonesty of the most decent people The scandal over allegations that the richest woman in France, Liliane Bettencourt, has hidden part of her fortune from the tax authorities has involved a high-profile member of the government of President Nicolas Sarkozy. The Minister for Employment, Eric Woerth, - whose wife worked for Bettencourt handling some of her finances - has denied all allegations: his links with tjhe heiress (87 years old) has come under review after the former butler of Bettencourt made secret tapes of conversations in her home in the elegant Paris suburb of Neuilly-sur-Seine. The tapes are said to have suggested that Bettencourt has conspired to evade taxes by hiding around 80m Euros in Swiss bank accounts by failing to declare goods and donations to the major party of Sarkozy's (the UMP). Cleptomania or fraud? Florence Woerth, Eric Woerth, Liliane Bettencourt, Francois-Marie Banier y Francoise Bettencourt-Meyers. Has the savage always been there? Labors of love from a Christian dictatorship? They could make worlds They have left a cultural heritage among their followers for generations to come. They have changed culture for the worse, in that they clearly showed their views could make worlds: Gulag, Auschwitz, Lidice, Kosovo, Chile, “IT” CONTINUES THE MILK OF HUMAN KINDNESS? LYNNDIE ENGLAND MY LAI MASSACRE 1968 One thing, however, is certain. March 16, 1968, is the most infamous date in U.S. military history - a day that far overshadows the brutality at Abu Ghraib prison and the killing of 24 civilians by U.S. Marines in Haditha in western Iraq. With lasting shame, it is remembered as the My Lai Massacre. WILLIAM CALLEY HAS “IT” EVER STOPPED? Beginning in 2004, accounts of physical, psychological, and sexual abuse, including torture, rape, sodomy, and homicide of prisoners held in the Abu Ghraib prison in Iraq (also known as Baghdad Correctional Facility) came to public attention. These acts were committed by military police personnel of the United States Army together with additional US governmental agencies. Whom learn the young from? All of these people taught the world: Power is beyond and over everything. “GLAMOURIZATIONS” OF WAR ARE THINGS BETTER THAN THIS IN IRAK? IN AFGHANISTAN? IS THERE ANYTHING LIKE STAR WARS? IS THERE ANYTHING LIKE AVATAR? AVATAR YUSHCHENKO 2004 December 11, 2004 Filed at 11:30 a.m. ET VIENNA, Austria (AP) -- Dioxin poisoning caused the mysterious illness of Ukrainian presidential candidate Viktor Yushchenko, a doctor said Saturday, adding that the poison could have been put in his soup. Yushchenko is now in satisfactory condition and dioxin levels in his liver have returned to normal, Dr. Michael Zimpfer, director of Vienna's private Rudolfinerhaus clinic, said at a news conference. A series of tests run over the past 24 hours provided conclusive evidence of the poisoning, Zimpfer said. ``There is no doubt about the fact that Mr. Yushchenko's disease -- especially following the results of the blood work -- has been caused by a case of poisoning by dioxin,'' Zimpfer said. The 50-year-old opposition leader first fell ill in September and was rushed to the Vienna hospital. He resumed campaigning later in the month but his mysterious illness had left his face pockmarked and ashen. Yushchcenko also suffered back pain, acute pancreatitis and nerve paralysis on the left side of his face. He has accused Ukrainian authorities of trying to poison him ahead of Ukraine's presidential vote -- an allegation they have denied. ``We suspect involvement of an external party, but we cannot answer as to who cooked what or who was with him while he ate,'' Zimpfer said, adding that tests showed the dioxin was taken orally. Zimpfer said Yushchenko's blood and tissue registered concentrations of dioxin -- one of the most toxic chemicals -- that were 1,000 times above normal levels. ``It would be quite easy to administer this amount in a soup,'' Zimpfer said. http://images.google.cl/imgres?imgurl=http://www.christusrex.org/www1/icons/ft.gif&imgrefurl=http://www.christusrex.org/ww w1/news/war-crimes-index8.html&usg=__TQwSdtv9K4m8SBkHINy0nb_SJpE=&h=36&w=90&sz=2&hl=es&start=19&sig2=i3VYl6MYgGYw2Hp88g6O Tw&itbs=1&tbnid=lRS1LTKgS7lYIM:&tbnh=31&tbnw=78&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dvictor%2Byushchenko%2Bpoisoned%2BO R%2Bvictor%2BOR%2Byushchenko%2B%2522poisoned%2Bwith%2Bdioxine%2522%26hl%3Des%26safe%3Doff%26sa%3DG%26 as_st%3Dy%26tbs%3Disch:1&ei=JVOIS67GEZ6ltgeH77WUDw Baruch Spinoza Everyone has so much right As he has power PILLARS OF SOCIETY Crisis of veracity of adults crisis of credibility Image of reality? Or just a real image? Post traumatic syndrome The Associated Press Inviato: Lunedi 8 Dicembre 2008 14:23:47 EST Monte Sinai, NY – Una communità de Long Island ha dedicato una strada al nome di un soldato che è morto di overdose accidentale dopo aver lottato con disturbo da stress post-traumatico per quasi cinque anni. Pipe Stave Hollow Road, nel Monte Sinai è ora denominata in onore degli eroe locale, Pfc. Joseph Dwyer. Il nativo di Long Island si arruolò nell'esercito due giorni dopo gli attacchi terroristici a 11 Settembre 2001, e aveva servito in Iraq. Una foto nella rivista Military Times mostra Dwyer che attraversa una zona di battaglia trasportando un ragazzo iracheno; questa immagine è diventata uno degli iconi della guerra. Il ragazzo iracheno è stato ferito durante uno scontro pesante tra l'esercito degli Stati Uniti del 7 ° reggimento di cavalleria e le forze irachene nei pressi del villaggio di Al Faysaliyah, l'Iraq, il 25 marzo 2003. Dwyer morì nel giugno di un sovradosaggio accidentale dopo anni di trattamento per il suo disturbo psicologico. Amici che hanno contribuito a ottenere il via rinominato per Dwyer hanno iniziato una organizzazione volta a sostenere i soldati che lottano con PTSD. Reality of the image=image of reality? The Associated Press Posted : Monday Dec 8, 2008 14:23:47 EST MOUNT SINAI, N.Y. — A Long Island community has named a street after a soldier who died of an accidental overdose after struggling with post-traumatic stress disorder for almost five years. Pipe Stave Hollow Road in Mount Sinai is now named in honor of local hero, Pfc. Joseph Dwyer. The Long Island native enlisted in the Army two days after the Sept. 11, 2001, terror attacks and served in Iraq. A Military Times photo of Dwyer running through a battle zone carrying an Iraqi boy became one of the iconic images of the war. Dwyer died in June of an accidental overdose after years of treatment for his psychological disorder. Friends who helped get the street renamed for Dwyer have started an organization aimed at assisting soldiers who struggle with PTSD. WARREN ZINN / FILE Pfc. Joe Dwyer carried a young Iraqi boy who was injured during a heavy battle between the U.S. Army's 7th Cavalry Regiment and Iraqi forces near the village of Al Faysaliyah, Iraq, on March 25, 2003. Dwyer died of an apparent overdose at his home in North Carolina on June 29, 2008 Reality of “reality? Molto spesso ho condiviso con molti giovani un disagio profondo da vivere in un mondo in cui non posso credere, davvero una società dello spettacolo, dove pochi cose sono realmente reali, la maggior parte sono solo apparenza, una mostra di fantasia istrumentale GUARDIAN.CO.UK A British soldier's story: 'People are suffering … I couldn't go back' Alexandra Topping Thursday 30 July 2009 Lance Corporal Joe Glenton, a soldier with the Royal Logistics Corps, has written to Gordon Brown explaining why he refuses to fight in Afghanistan. He spoke to Alexandra Topping. I was sent to Afghanistan in 2006 and from the start it was very challenging, it's a very hard place to be posted. There was so much confusion about why we were there, whether it was to get rid of the poppy fields, or for national security. I saw repatriations all the time and it just grinds you down. I want the government to consider the welfare of the guys out there, and the welfare of the Afghan people. People are suffering and it shouldn't be allowed. When I came back from Afghanistan in 2007 I was promoted and redeployed in the UK. I wasn't supposed to be going back originally, because it would have been in breach of harmony guidelines [under which soldiers should not spend more than more 13 months within a three-year period on tour]. But then we were told we would be going back. And I just couldn't go back. It was an incredibly difficult thing to do, I loved the army, but I had lost my faith in the structure, the government and the cause. I went to south-east Asia, I just needed to escape. I was dealing with it very badly, drinking a lot. Depression is a word that gets bandied about easily, but I wasn't very happy, that's for sure. I was trying to find space to sort myself out, trying to drown it with drink. He young know what war is like without intertmediaries. Knowledge flows across the world through the networks. The young are the privates and soldiers A real image= image of reality? in the modern human world there are people who confuse the reality of the image with the image of reality. The human world is like a great game play intended to be confused with reality in favor of economic interests, or political or religious groups that concentrate the power Globalization of culture: Social learning http://weblogs.hitwise.com/robin-goad/social%20networks%20vs%20email.png MACCHIAVELISM the use of political power exercised without the brake of moral scruples so that everything is considered valid to achieve a particular purpose. “A prince must not worry about incurring the infamy of those vices without which he hardly can save the state (Chapter XVI) ... a prince should not hesitate to be cruel (Cap.XVII) ... when he has to, in order to hold statehood, he must act against faith, against charity, against humanity, against religion (Chapter XVIII). Foreign affairs Theology Today - Vol 28, No. 4 - January 1972 - Beyond Morality and Immorality in Foreign Affairs Schlesinger: "The necessary amorality of foreign affairs" means that there is in the international relations of states an amoral factor which cannot be avoided. It means that the failure to take due account of this necessary amoral factor leads to counsels of confusion in the making of decisions and in judging them. WORLD POPULATION REDUCTION The World’s Elite Are Discussing Population Reduction As was reported only last month by the London Times, a “secret billionaire club” meeting in early May which took place in New York and was attended by David Rockefeller, Ted Turner, Bill Gates and others was focused around “how their wealth could be used to slow the growth of the world’s population”. We questioned establishment media spin which portrayed the attendees as kind-hearted and concerned philanthropists by pointing out that Ted Turner has publicly advocated shocking population reduction programs that would cull the human population by a staggering 95%. He has also called for a Communiststyle one child policy to be mandated by governments in the west. In China, the one child policy is enforced by means of taxes on each subsequent child, allied to an intimidation program which includes secret police and “family planning” authorities kidnapping pregnant women from their homes and performing forced abortions. Of course, Turner completely fails to follow his own rules on how everyone else should live their lives, having five children and owning no less than 2 million acres of land. In the third world, Turner has contributed literally billions to population reduction, namely through United Nations programs, leading the way for the likes of Bill & Melinda Gates and Warren Buffet (Gates’ father has long been a leading board member of Planned Parenthood and a top eugenicist). The notion that these elitists merely want to slow population growth in order to improve health is a complete misnomer. Slowing the growth of the world’s population while also improving its health are two irreconcilable concepts to the elite. IS THIS THE WORLD THAT WANTS BETTER YOUTH? TOO MANY PEOPLE SINCE THERE ARE TOO MANY PEOPLE ON EARTH, AN EXCESS POPULATION IN NEED OF BEING CULLED, IS IT NECESSARY TO WORRY ABOUT DISPENSABLE YOUTH? WARS, EPIDEMICS, FAMINES WILL DO THE JOB. 33 LIVES CHILE A minimum of ethics is a protective factor for human safety The role of media figures in adolescent development: relations between autonomy, attachment, and interest in celebrities GILES David C. ; MALTBY John The influence of figures from the mass media on adolescent development has been somewhat neglected in the literature to date. One particularly important influence concerns the parasocial relationships that adolescents form with favourite celebrities, which have been described as secondary attachments. In this study, celebrity interest was investigated in a sample of 191 British adolescents between the ages of 11 and 16, using a shortened version of the Celebrity Attitude Scale. It was hypothesised that celebrity attachments would reflect the transition from parental attachment to peer attachments and would also be related to increasing emotional autonomy. It was found that, after controlling for age-related effects, high emotional autonomy was a significant predictor of celebrity interest, as well as high attachment to peers and low attachment to parents. Different patterns were observed according to the functions of celebrity attachment: intense, personal interest in celebrities was best predicted by low levels of security and closeness. These findings suggest that celebrities provide adolescents with a secondary group of pseudo-friends during a time of increasing autonomy from parents, but intense focus on a single celebrity may result from difficulties in making this transition. Personality and Individual Differences 2004, vol. 36, no4, pp. 813-822 WE NEED A MORAL SOCIETY SO AS TO GENERATE MORAL YOUNG PEOPLE.- THIS IS THE WORLD WESTERN AVERAGE ADULTS ADULTS ARE: SEXY AND EROTIC HEDONISTIC AND SENSUOUS AMBITIOUS TO THE POINT OF GREEDY A CONSUMERIST HEDONISM SEXUALITY shakira SOCIAL LEARNING IF THE ADULT WORLD IS SO, THAT IS THE WORLD OF PARENTS, GRANDPARENTS, ADULT FRIENDS OF THE FAMILY, ADULT RELATIVES, GIVEN TJHAT IT IS THE WAY IT IS, EVEN AT THE MOST PRESTIGIOUS LEVELS, WHAT CAN WE EXPECT FROM YOUNG PEOPLE? WHAT CAN WE EXPECT FROM THEIR CHILDREN, THEIR GRANDCHILDREN, THEIR DEAR YOUNG PEOPLE? A TEST AMONG MANY OTHERS: HARDSHIPS A SIMPTOM: WHAT USE FOR SCIENCE? Who is owner of the genes? Francis Temman / Agence France Presse Washington. The decodificacione of the human genome opens up the debate on who owns the rights to this genetic treasure. God? An entrepreneur? heritage of humanity? each? All of them? WE HAVE 88% of our genome in common with chimpanzees, our next of kin in animals Scimpanzé e umani http://www.ite.educacion.es/w3/tematicas/genetica/2005_10/docs/webmec68.doc WHY IS HE A CHIMPANZEE AND WE ARE HUMAN? The question is simple, but extremely complex, because the answer would be © to start defining what the unique characteristics of the human species and different from any other animal species. In other words, Either what makes us human? There have written thousands of pages on the subject by addressing the problem from different scientific perspectives. Although there are still many uncertainties regarding the evolutionary mechanisms, Either what seems clear is that as a result of the evolutionary process, humans have three singularities that did not complete any other animal species: being the subject of culture, be ethical and Â'â € ™ € ™ s be religious subjects (Lacadena 2005): BEING ETHICAL: CRISIS IN LIVING TOGETHER Come si sposta il confine tra peccato e non peccato, tra lecito e illecito, nei secoli dell’età moderna? http://omero.humnet.unipi.it/2006/p_vediCorso.asp?idCorso=1211 How do you build the social perception of a transgression? How do I create a community consensus around the book as an act of sin? How do you get that the repressive measures of deviance are approved and endorsed by the community? As you move the line between sin and sin, between lawful and unlawful, in the centuries of the modern age? What is the geography of sin in the confessional map of Europe? When is outlined in the European culture the distinction between sin and crime? What are the institutions of control and repression of ideas and behaviors considered deviant? Church and state cooperate in controlling these behaviors, or are in competition with each other? What is the route of education, culture, the behavior of the ecclesiastical judges and lay people who sit in courts and other institutions of control? 1993 HANS PETER DUERR, ETHNOLOGE http://www.spiegel.de/spiegel/print/d-13683044.html Die These, der moderne Europäer sei weniger zivilisiert, als er von sich glaube, bedeutet für die anthropologische Vergangenheit: Die Primitiven waren keineswegs so wild und ungebärdig, wie es die fortschrittsgläubige Geschichtsphilosophie annimmt. Zivilisierung und Primitivismus stehen seit je in einem konstanten, ewig ungelösten Spannungsverhältnis. Diesen Kulturbegriff entfaltet Duerr in "Obszönität und Gewalt" besonders eindringlich und multikulturell weiträumig. Dabei gelingen ihm immer wieder überraschende Exkurse in die Archaismen der jüngeren Gegenwart - mit zuweilen jähem Wechsel zwischen dem Komisch-Obszönen und dem Erschütternd-Bestialischen 1993: SECONDO DUERR primitive cultures were not so wild and unruly, as assumed the progress of history and philosophy of nell'istoria. Along human history, civilization and primitivism have been in a constant, unresolved tension forever. This is the problem Duerr examines in his book "OBSCENITY AND VIOLENCE." He notes that the tension between the two forces is particularly intense and extensive in young people Who often show an archaic conduct sometimes with sudden changes between the comic-obscene and shocking-beastly Hooligans: A CULTURAL HERITAGE The social model-Social learning Too young to be a hooligan? Football hooliganism is unruly and destructive behaviour—such as brawls, vandalism and intimidation—by association football club fans. Fights between supporters of rival teams may take place before or after football matches at prearranged locations away from stadiums, in order to avoid arrests by the police, or they can erupt spontaneously at the stadium or in the surrounding streets. Football hooliganism can range from shouts and small-scale fistfights and disturbances to huge riots where firms attack each other with deadly weapons such as sports bats, bottles, rocks, and knives.[ The first instance of football violence is unknown, as many football games have been played around the world for years, but football and violence can be arbitrarily traced back to at least the Middle Ages in England. In 1314, Edward II banned football (which then was a violent free-for-all involving rival villages fly-hacking a pig's bladder across the local heath) because he believed the disorder surrounding matches might lead to social unrest or even treason. The first recorded instances of football hooliganism in the modern game took place in the 1880s in England, a period when gangs of supporters would intimidate neighbourhoods, as well as attack referees and opposing supporters and players. In 1885, after Preston North End beat Aston Villa 5-0 in a friendly match, the two teams were pelted with stones; attacked with sticks, punched, kicked and spat at. One Preston player was beaten so severely that he lost consciousness. Press reports of the time described the fans as "howling roughs". The following year, Preston fans fought Queen's Park fans in a railway station; the first recorded instance of football hooliganism away from a match. In 1905, several Preston fans were tried for hooliganism, including a "drunk and disorderly" 70 year old woman, following their match against Blackburn Rovers. Young hooligans Sex pistols 1975 ADULT WORLD YOUNG WORLD hipotesi Young people do nothing but translate the adult world Into their possibilities. Young people are a product From the intergenerational transmission proposed by Bowen. The young people's lives are a result From social learning. The passionate model: charles fourier The model by which average adults live: eroticism greed hedonism egocentrism SEX GLUTTONY http://pediatricendocrinology.files.wordpress.com/2009/01/obesity.jpg GREED Jeffrey Skilling, Enron Corp.’s former chief executive, is seeking to overturn his 2006 conviction for securities fraud and other crimes associated with Enron’s monumental collapse in late 2001. Known for his trademark scowl, Skilling is serving a 24-year sentence in a Colorado prison. Skilling could win a new trial if the Supreme Court sides with him. HEDONISM Le passioni secondo Fourier La teoria dei quattro movimenti è legata all'idea di armonia, prevalente nelle scienze naturali poiché nell’analisi di Newton l'universo è ordinato e armonioso. Secondo Fourier, l'uomo è in disarmonia con il `quattro movimenti (materiale, biologico, animale e sociale) attraverso la sua auto-indulgenza, indebolimento e incapacità di affrontare i fenomeni naturali. Fourier riteneva che il suo sistema di 'harmonism' sarebbe davvero eliminare i conflitti attraverso tutti a soddisfazione delle passioni. Fourier pensava che tutti dovrebbe essere consentito di svolgere la sua passione, non per sentimenti di solidarietà e senso del dovere, ma perché il gioco delle passioni è buono per la comunità nel suo complesso. Le passioni secondo Fourier Théorie des Quatre movimenti (Teoria dei quattro movimenti), primo edito nel 1808 e rielaborata fino alla sua stesura finale del 1841, è il primo, fondamentale lavoro in cui Fourier dichiara i suoi obiettivi per un governo mondiale e l'economia amministrata da Passionate Attraction ("una teoria di armonia universale che nasce dalle rovine delle scienze incerte. Secondo Fourier, l'unica possibilità di trasformazione della società tutto il risanamento dei disturbi sociali originati dalla povertà, andando contro la morale borghese, viene dalla opulenza, della lussuria, della gola e della sensualità per tutti ... SIX DEGREES OF SEPARATION: SMALL WORLD HYPOTHESIS Computer networks In 2001, Duncan Watts, a professor at Columbia University, attempted to recreate Milgram's experiment on the internet, using an e-mail message as the "package" that needed to be delivered, with 48,000 senders and 19 targets (in 157 countries). Watts found that the average (though not maximum) number of intermediaries was around six. A 2007 study by Jure Leskovec and Eric Horvitz examined a data set of instant messages composed of 30 billion conversations among 240 million people. They found the average path length among Microsoft Messenger users to be 6.6 (some now call the theory, "the seven degrees of separation" because of this.). In 2009 a networking site called GLACIR was created that uses the six degree of separation concept to connect humanity. It automatically builds your six degrees of separation for you and, not only connects you to people around the world, but also shows how you are connected to world news as well. The site has since been shut down and its founders moved on to a new venture. It has been suggested by some commentators that interlocking networks of computer mediated lateral communication could diffuse single messages to all interested users worldwide as per the 6 degrees of separation principle via Information WHAT DIFFUSES ACROSS THE WESTERN WORLD Theory of private choice James Buchanan: The theory of private choice is "politics without romance." The wishful thinking displaced by this theory assumes that the participants in the political sphere aspire to promote the common good. In the conventional view of "public interest", public officials are portrayed as benevolent "civil servants" who faithfully carry out the "will of the people." In modeling the behavior of individuals as driven by the goal of utility maximization and economic jargon for a personal sense of wellness, economists do not deny that people care about their families, friends and community. But the choice of private, as the economic model of rational behavior on which it is assumed that people are guided mainly by their own interests and, more importantly, that the motives of the people in the political process, are no different from those of the housing market, or the automotive market. They are the same human beings, after all. As such, the voters "vote their wallets in support of candidates and ballot propositions they think will make them personally better, bureaucrats seek to advance their own careers, and politicians seeking election or reelection to office. public choice, in other words, simply transfers the rational actor model of economic theory to the sphere of politics GARY BECKER egoismo The Nobel Prize in Economics in 1992, he was assigned to the economist Gary Becker. The fundamental principles of the theory of Gary Becker are: 1) selfish activity promotes economic growth through the "trickle down" or outpouring of wealth from rich to poor 2) the human being seeks to acquire the largest possible number of things that it considers useful 3) the acquisition of things individuals rationally perform the calculations as an individual trying to maximize their profits, rather than seek the benefit of the larger group that is part Nuova cultura The new culture replaces religion, politics, and the philosophy of human life orientation, for economy. The new cultural heroes are the business managers. Crise della veracità Crise della credibilità dei riferimenti Crise della fiducia CHI CREANNO LA REALTÀ? Suscettibilità FENOMENO FONDAMENTALE: Suscettibilità ai gruppi di riferimento: Dato qualcosa, ci sono sempre susceptibili ad esso Esso è il potere della celebrità Controllo sociale Il modello di sviluppo sociale (Hawkins et al. 1992) e la teoria del controllo sociale (Hirschi 1969) si basano sul presupposto che il controllo sociale e teoria dell'apprendimento (Bandura, 1977) sono strettamente collegate. Valori e norme di comportamento sono appresi in un contesto sociale Tre sistemi di riferimento sociale, sono di particolare ifluenza: la famiglia, gli amici e la scuola. Fattori essenziali per l'avvio di alcol, di sigarette E per il consumo di droghe illecite sono positivi attribuzioni cognitivele le pratiche accettate entro l'ambiente sociale. La nuova cultura Tutta la cultura è lo appreso, ciò che non viene con i geni. La cultura si diffonde attraverso un processo di insegnamento e di apprendimento informale e sociale. La globalizzazione delle informazioni diffonde la nuova cultura attraverso molteplici canali nel ondo. DANARO IMAGINARY NUMBERS Su una nota più leggera, il Nobel 2002 in Economia è andato a amministratori delegati delle società coinvolte negli scandali contabili societari di quell'anno per "adeguare il concetto matematico di numero immaginario per l'uso nel mondo degli affari". Nuova etica Enron ha usato la crisi di energia elettrica del 2000 nello stato della California per manipolare i prezzi, per vendere energia elettrica cinque volte più costosa del prezzo reale e per sospendere pagamenti in modo fraudolento. WorldCom nel 2002 aveva perdite di quasi quattro miliardi di dollari, ma li ha trasformatoi in benefici a far salire il prezzo delle azioni. Shell irregolarmente ha registrato 7.400 milioni di dollari e ha dato previsioni ottimistiche circa il prezzo dell'energia elettrica per fingere un rendimento superiore a quello reale. Qwest, di comunicazione a fibre ottiche, ha simulato acquisto e vendita inesistente per aumentare il valore delle azione. Bristol-Myers, il quinto a livello mondiale farmaceutico, ha manipolato informazioni sui prezzi dei loro prodotti per accelerare le vendite. Merck ha registrato falsi ricavi per 14.000 milioni di dollari Una crise planetaria 2008: funzionari americani hanno rivelato i risultati di un'indagine penale nei confronti di centinaia di persone accusate di frodi ipotecarie. "Operation Malicious Mortgage", diretto dal Federal Bureau of Investigation e altre agenzie statali di quel paese, ha portato ad accuse penali contro 406 persone accusate di coinvolgimento negli schemi fraudolenti per la concessione de prestiti ipotecari. La maggior parte delle famiglie che hanno perso le loro case durante la crisi del mercato immobiliare sono stati ingannati quando hanno firmato i loro mutui. I subprime ("prestiti a persone con credito traballante), sono stati trasformati in titoli e venduti in tutto il mondo. Il crollo di questi fondi, che hanno provocato perdite di US $ 1.400 milioni per gli investitori, hanno provocato anche il completo crollo de Bear Stearns. Nel mese di marzo 2008, JP Morgan hanno deciso di comprare Bear Stearns, con il sostegno della U. S. Federal Reserve, e questo accordo è stato approvato dagli azionisti della banca. Bear Stearns è stata una delle vittime principali della crisi del credito statunitense che è stata innescata da perdite delle banche legate al mercato immobiliare negli Stati Uniti. La Federal Reserve ha agito prontamente dopo la caduta di Bear Stearns per evitare che la crisi si sarebbe diffuso nel resto del settore della finanza internazionale Company Year Nugan Hand Bank 1980 ZZZZ Best 1986 Barlow Clowes 1988 MiniScribe 1989 Polly Peck 1990 Bank of Credit and 1991 Commerce International Northern Rock Audit Firm Country Australia United States United Kingdom United States United Kingdom United Kingdom United Kingdom Notes Ponzi scheme run by Barry Minkow Gilts management service. £1110 million missing Luxembourg United 1992 Phar-Mor States United 1996 Informix States United 1998 Ernst & Young Cendant States United Waste 1999 Arthur Andersen States Management, Inc. United 2000 PricewaterhouseCoopers MicroStrategy States United Unify Corporation 2000 States United Computer 2000 KPMG States Associates Clearstream Financial mistatements Michael Saylor Sanjay Kumar United States  One.Tel 2001 Ernst & Young Australia Arthur United Enron 2001 Andersen States Deloitte & United Adelphia 2002 Touche States United 2002 Ernst & Young AOL States Xerox 2000 KPMG Falsifying financial results Jeffrey Skilling, Kenneth Lay, Andrew Fastow John Rigas Inflated sales Network capacity Arthur Andersen Bermuda swaps to inflate Global Crossing 2002 revenues United Improper booking of 2002 Arthur Andersen Halliburton States cost overruns United Improper booking of Homestore.com 2002 States sales United ImClone 2002 KPMG Samuel D. Waksal States Systems United Misleading 2002 PricewaterhouseCoopers Kmart States accounting practices Recorded coUnited 2002 payments that were Merck & Co. States not collected United Conflict of interest Merrill Lynch 2002 Deloitte & Touche States  Mirant 2002 Nicor 2002 Peregrine Systems 2002 KPMG Qwest Communications 2002 Reliant Energy 2002 Deloitte & Touche Sunbeam 2002 United States United States United States United States United States United States Tyco International 2002 PricewaterhouseCoopers Bermuda Overstated assets and liabilities Overstated assets, understated liabilities Overstated sales Inflated revenues Round trip trades Improper accounting, Dennis Kozlowski WorldCom Royal Ahold Parmalat HealthSouth Corporation Chiquita Brands International AIG Bernard L. Madoff Investment Securities LLC Overstated cash flows, Bernard Ebbers Inflating 2003 Deloitte & Touche Netherlands promotional allowances Falsified accounting 2003 Grant Thornton SpA Italy documents, Calisto Tanzi United Richard M. 2003 Ernst & Young States Scrushy United 2004 Illegal payments States Accounting of United 2004 PricewaterhouseCoopers structured States financial deals 2002 Arthur Andersen United States 2008 Friehling & Horowitz United States Ponzi scheme. Anglo Irish Bank Satyam Computer Services Lernout & Hauspie 2008 Ernst & Young Lehman Brothers 2010 Ernst & Young Ireland 2009 PricewaterhouseCoopers India Anglo Irish Bank hidden loans controversy Falsified accounts Belgium United States Failure to disclose Repo 105 transactions to investors CHE qualcosa è NORMALE non sempre significa che è opportuno SESSO A long history The subject of sex has been part of the medium almost since its start. But displays of sex, intimacy and even body parts, for the most part, have been evolutionary, not revolutionary. In the 1950s, TV couldn't show married couples sleeping in the same bed. In the '60s, exposing the bellybutton of I Dream of Jeannie's Barbara Eden was verboten. Braless jiggles on Charlie's Angels were considered daring in the '70s. But by the '90s, the expanse of adult-themed content on premium channels such as HBO and sex-infused music videos on MTV made baring the derriere of a hefty NYPD Blue cop acceptable to the masses on ABC. http://behindthescenestv.net/commentary/sex-on-tv-its-increasingly-uncut-%E2%80%94-and-unavoidable/ Sex on TV: It's increasingly uncut — and unavoidable By Gary Strauss, USA TODAY If sex sells, TV programmers are adding inventory to an already humongous sale. Viewers are about to see full-frontal male nudity, heterosexual, homosexual and group sex, and graphic scenes rarely — if ever — seen on mainstream TV. And that's just on pay-cable Starz's fornication-heavy, 13episode Spartacus: Blood and Sand (premieres Friday, 10 ET/PT), a 300meets-Caligula epic about the Roman Empire's notorious slave/gladiator. MTV plans a June launch of The Hard Times of RJ Berger, a scripted comedy about a nerdy 15-year-old whose cool quotient heats up when his anatomical gift is accidentally exposed. And basic-cable network Spike's just-launched raunchy college-sports comedy Blue Mountain State (Tuesdays, 10 ET/PT) showed a masturbating school mascot on the Jan. 12 premiere, while last night's episode featured a scene suggesting oral sex between a coed and jock before the opening credits. You need to be loud "You need to get eyeballs. You need to be loud," says Spike programming chief Kevin Kay, who is pairing Blue Mountain with reruns of HBO's sex-centric Entourage. "Our viewers are experiencing content on other cable channels or the Web. Movies and video games are going after this audience, too." TV's latest sexually charged offerings add to the current wave of attention-seeking — if less visually explicit — reality and scripted programs filled with frank themes and content, such as MTV's hookup-focused reality hit Jersey Shore. Mature content? ABC's Cougar Town — which had a memorable scene that implied Courteney Cox's character administering oral sex to her date — premiered last fall. Also new in the past year: HBO's Hung, a dramedy about a well-endowed teacher moonlighting as a prostitute; National Geographic TV's adult-themed documentary series, Taboo; and VH1's titillating Sex Rehab With Dr. Drew. "You can definitely see an arms race," says FX programming chief John Landgraf, whose groundbreaking series such as Rescue Me and Nip/Tuck set new standards for mature content on basic cable. Sex and sex Established shows are amping up, too. Nip/Tuck is wrapping its sixth and final season with boundary-pushing themes centered on its often sexually compulsive plastic surgeons, and ABC's Desperate Housewives has cast former Dexter star Julie Benz as a stripper for the series' fifth season. Showtime's Secret Diary of a Call Girl returns Monday with hooker Belle (Billie Piper) looking for source material for another book through new sexual experiences with clients. Showtime's aptly titled Californication recently ended its third season with sex-addicted Hank Moody (David Duchovny) getting more booty than ever — juggling three women while pursuing a fourth. Moody's best friend and manager (Evan Handler) grappled with an ex-wife and randy boss (Kathleen Turner), while guest star Rick Springfield, playing himself, had several solo and group conquests. parents "It's funny what's considered risqué these days," says Audrey Landers, whose sexpot image, burnished by eight seasons on '80s hit Dallas, led to a Playboy pictorial in 1983. Last year, the actress, singer and fashion designer was developing a cable reality show, which was rejected for its tameness. "They suggested my mother, 18-year-old niece and I sex things up by posing for Playboy," says Landers, 53. Critics such as the Parents Television Council decry the mushrooming sexual content. "It's become downright ubiquitous," says council president Tim Winter. "Families are under siege, teenage girls are under siege. You don't know what the cultural impact will be down the road." money Others, such as Fordham University media observer Paul Levinson, say TV merely mirrors life. "It sounds radical, but this is healthy for popular culture," Levinson says. "Mainstream TV has been frozen in a very puritanical position by Congress, the FCC and the Supreme Court — all who don't seem to understand the First Amendment. Sex is part of life. If people are offended, there's a simple remedy: Don't watch." Taste standards and broadcast guidelines aside, sexual content — and where to push boundaries — is largely established by programmers seeking traction among fickle viewers, then benchmarked by others who want to push the envelope. "When advertising dollars are down you have to cut through — you have to get attention," says JD Roth, producer of NBC reality hit The Biggest Loser. Danger: out of touch with ABC programming chief Steve McPherson says he has faced no pressure to edge up content but acknowledges late prime-time slots offer opportunities. "If you can get a loud broadcast-acceptable 10 p.m. show, it's a time to take chances," McPherson says. Moreover, broadcast executives acknowledge that premiumchannel and basic-cable-channel rivals are altering the TV landscape. "We don't want to be out of touch with the way society is going," says NBC's Angela Bromstad. "At the same time, you have to be careful what you put on air." Says Doug Herzog, president of MTV Networks entertainment group: "The line moves every day, so you got to move with it. You can't put the genie back in the bottle." Natural evolution of things 'Natural evolution of things' Californication creator Tom Kapinos says there'll be consequences for the central character's sexual rambunctiousness next season, and perhaps more of an attempt to keep his pants zipped. "I don't know how much further you can push things," Kapinos says. "But this is still a show about a single guy in L.A. There's a lot of trouble to get into." Greenblatt notes Spartacus could raise the bar — or lower it — when it comes to both the pervasiveness and explicitness of TV sex. "I'm sure after Spartacus, there'll be more," he says. "It's the natural evolution of things." embarrassed Blue Mountain State producer Brian Robbins, whose credits include Smallville and One Tree Hill, says he's not surprised by the explicit sex on air these days. The irony isn't lost on Robbins, perhaps best known as the long-haired lothario Eric Mardian on ABC's '80s sitcom Head of the Class. "I was the stud on that show, but I didn't get to do anything," Robbins says. These days, "anything goes." And as far as Blue Mountain State? Says Robbins: "I'd be way too embarrassed to sit in a room with my mother watching it." Noemi Letizia (Newfotosud) Svelata l’idendità di Noemi, la 18 enne napoletana che ha fatto infuriare la moglie di Silvio Berlusconi. Bionda, alla moda, sembra quasi una velina….la ragazza è colei che ha scatenato le ire di Veronica Lario. Silvio Berlusconi, infatti, avrebbe partecipato alla festa dei 18 anni di Noemi, tanto che quest’ultima ha il privilegio di chiamarlo persino “papì”. Veronica Lario, si è molto arrabbiata perchè Silvio Berlusconi non ha mai partecipato alla feste dei 18 anni dei suoi figli, e per questa ragione non comprende il motivo di questo suo interesse per questa 18enne napoletana http://www.google.cl/imgres?imgurl=http://forladiesbyladies.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/12/nicole-snooki-from-mtv-jerseyshore.jpg&imgrefurl=http://forladiesbyladies.com/index.php/2009/12/17/youtube-snooki-mtv-jersey-shore/&usg=__hNMWgGUbX6e83R1TiMctXtj1Zk=&h=400&w=600&sz=68&hl=es&start=19&sig2=0IEam4_44pqJVjnQaMwgKA&zoom=1&itbs=1&tbnid=IGaqr8SeLE86M:&tbnh=90&tbnw=135&prev=/images%3Fq%3Djersey%2Bshore%2Bgirls%26start%3D18%26hl%3Des%26sa%3DN%26gbv%3D2%26ndsp%3D18%26tbs%3Disch:1&ei=ChuSTMHQNIS BlAeIm-CpCg This morning I totally hit the jackpot! I stumbled upon the queen of the guidettes from MTV’s the Jersey Shore’s own YouTube channel. SnookTv to be exact. SnookTv features videos of the girl who invented the poof (so she says) hanging out with her group of girls, lip-syncing and singing to songs, and just talking complete garbage. There is also a twelve second video of her at school saying how much she hates it. Snooki and her group of friends called themselves the Brunette Mafia. Wow. Really? Snooki might be a little obsessed with herself, but it is pretty damn funny to watch her. She has a slide show called “Hottest Guidettes Ever,” playing pictures of her and her friends to the song “Feel Your Love” but Kim Sozzi. The girls are making kissy faces pursing their lips and tilting their heads in almost all the pictures trying to look sexy. She has over a thousand subscribers to her channel! Can you believe it? I can, there is definitely something really ridiculously funny about this mess of a girl that I like watching. I’m a little embarrassed to say but I too just became a subscriber. She sings “Took the Night” by Chelley wearing a stupid pink ed hardy hat. I can’t get my jaw off of the ground after seeing this video. Two pop stars After this whole Big Bird (Vienna Girardi) and Bachelor Jake Pavelka break-up, we wonder what went wrong… or not, right? Wasn’t right from the start clearly, but apparently he wasn’t interested in sex… but who would be with Big Bird? Is he gay or just not that into her? Hmm… By looking at this picture, I say the verdict is… gay… “Even though she was in love with him, she knew he didn’t love her, ” a source claims. Vienna eventually came to the conclusion that the real reason for Jake’s aversion to intimacy with her was not his religious ideals but his lack of interest in women. “He just wasn’t ever physical with her,” the source added. “Vienna told me, ‘I don’t think Jake is into girls.’” The source confirmed Vienna’s accusations that Jake’s affections were purely for publicity reasons. “He was only nice to her in front of the camera and he was only affectionate on the red carpet,” the source added. Vienna told Star magazine that she went six months without physical affection from Jake. She goes into his excuses in great detail, including Jake telling her that premarital sex was a sin. The magazine, which goes on sale this week, fills in the blanks of what was happening – or, actually, NOT happening — behind closed doors. Who the hell would stay in a relationship where the guy didn’t touch you for 6 months? What is up with that? I’d go crazy! Jake, dude, it’s 2010, premarital sex is not a sin honey.