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El mate - River Dell Regional School District

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El mate - River Dell Regional School District
Realidades I
Capítulo 3B
Repaso cultural
La Gran Tenochtitlán
• Diego Rivera (1886–1957)
This detail of a mural entitled
La Gran Tenochtitlán by
Mexican artist Diego Rivera is
located in the Palacio Nacional
in Mexico City. It shows el
tianguis, the bustling
marketplace at Tenochtitlán,
capital of the Aztec Empire. In
the foreground there are many
kinds of merchandise being
traded, including corn and
different varieties of beans.
This mural is one of many by
Rivera that focus on preColumbian life and
civilizations.
•
What impression do you think
Rivera is giving about life in the
pre-Columbian civilizations?
El mate
• El mate is the national
beverage of Argentina,
Paraguay, and Uruguay.
This herbal tea is shared
among family and friends.
It is served hot in a hollow
gourd, also called un
mate, with a straw called
una bombilla.
• What national beverage
does the United States
have that compares to
mate?
Pronunciación
The letters l and ll
•
•
In Spanish, the letter l is pronounced much like the letter l in the English word “leaf.”
Listen to and say these words:
Lechuga
lunes
almuerzo
pasteles
sol
helado
abril
difícil
•
For most Spanish speakers, the letter combination ll is similar to the sound of the letter y in “yes.”
Listen to and say these words:
llamo
silla
allí
llueve
cebolla
pollo
ella
mantequilla
•
Try it out! Listen to this song and then sing it.
Canta el gallo, canta el gallo
con el kiri, kiri, kiri, kiri, kiri;
La gallina, la gallina
con el cara, cara, cara, cara, cara;
Los polluelos, los polluelos
con el pío, pío, pío, pío, pío, pío, pí.
La tomatina
• How would you like to attend a
festival where a gigantic food
fight with tomatoes is the
highlight of the day? That’s
what happens at the annual
Fiesta de la Tomatina in Buñol,
Spain. After the town council
distributes more than 130 tons
of ripe tomatoes to
participants, the two-hour long
tomato-throwing festival
begins.
La Tomatina en Buñol, España
• Describe any food festivals
unique to your community or
your state. How do they
compare to La Tomatina?
Los mercados
• Los mercados, or open-air
markets, are common
throughout Latin America.
Many towns have a central
market, held on a given day of
the week, where people come
from all around to buy and sell
food, as well as flowers, crafts,
and clothing.
• How does this market compare
with the ways in which fruits
and vegetables are bought and
sold in your community?
Exploración del lenguaje
• Where did it come from?
The names of many foods in Spanish come from
Latin as well as from other languages as diverse
as Arabic, Italian, Greek, Turkish, and English.
While it’s clear that the word espaguetis comes
from the Italian word spaghetti, it’s not obvious
that the word zanahoria comes from the Arabic
word safunariya.
• Try it out! Read the Spanish words in the first
column and match them up to their counterparts
in their language of origin.
El español en el mundo del trabajo
• Rick Bayless’s career as a world-class Mexican chef
began at the age of 14, when he visited Mexico and
decided to study Spanish. Since 1978, Rick has opened
gourmet Mexican restaurants, created and starred in
cooking shows, written cookbooks, and won many
awards.
• How would Rick’s Spanish skills be helpful in his career?
He can:
-communicate with two audiences (Spanish and English)
- Work in a Spanish-speaking country
- Give Americans a new taste from other cultures
¿Qué come un jugador de
fútbol?
• ¿Qué comen y qué beben los atletas
profesionales para mantener la salud y
estar en buena forma?
• Los jugadores de fútbol comen
comidas equilibradas con muchos
carbohidratos, minerales y vitaminas.
Ellos consumen cerca de 5.000 calorías
en total todos los días.
¡Gooooooooool!
• Scoring the winning gol in soccer is the most exciting moment of
the game. El fútbol is the most popular sport in the world, and it
has many fanáticos (fans) in every Spanish-speaking country.
• Every four years, teams throughout the world compete regionally
in order to become one of the 32 teams to advance to the World
Cup (la Copa Mundial) competition.
• Many Spanish-speaking countries compete in what has become
the most widely watched sporting event in the world. Since the
competition began in 1930, two Spanish-speaking countries
have won the World Cup competition: Uruguay in 1930 and 1950
and Argentina in 1978 and 1986.
• How does the enthusiasm for soccer in the United States
compare with the rest of the world’s view of this sport? Why do
you think this is so?
¿Qué haces para
mantener la salud?
• In many countries, including those in the
Spanish-speaking world, traditional remedies
consisting of medicinal herbs have been used
for centuries to treat common medical problems.
• In Mexico, a mint known as yerbabuena may be
made into tea and given to someone with a
stomachache.
• Remedies such as these may not be
prescribed by licensed physicians,
but people have confidence in them
because they have been passed down
through the generations.
Las cataratas de Iguazú
• In the early 1900s, the area of las cataratas de Iguazú was made an
Argentine national park. Three countries—Brazil, Argentina, and
Paraguay—meet at these spectacular falls, which are four times the
width of Niagara Falls and 50 percent higher. Hundreds of species
of insects, birds, and mammals are found in the area, and at least
500 species of butterflies. As many as 15,000 tourists a day visit the
falls, a worrisome number for environmental groups, who continue to
lobby against nearby hotel construction projects.
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