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¡Ven Conmigo! Spanish 1

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¡Ven Conmigo! Spanish 1
¡Ven Conmigo!
Spanish 1
Capítulo 8:
¡A comer!
Chapter Outcomes
An important use of a language is talking about food.
This includes being able to order and pay for meals
and expressing preferences.
By the end of this chapter you will be able to…
Participate in this important aspect of Spanish culture,
whether in a Spanish-speaking country or at a local
Hispanic restaurant.
Primer paso
Objective:
1.You will learn to talk about meals and food.
Vocabulario
¡Me encanta el desayuno!
I love breakfast!
un desayuno fuerte
un desayuno ecuatoriano
4. la papaya
5. la piña
1. el pan tostado
2. los huevos, blanquillos
6. el mango
7. el pan dulce
3. el tocino
8. el plátano
Vocabulario
un desayuno ligero
11. el cereal
9. la toronja
10. la leche
Para almorzar…
Vocabulario
15. el perro caliente
12. un sándwich de jamón
13. la sopa de pollo
16. la limonada
14. el arroz
17. el té frío con azúcar
Vocabulario
18. la lechuga
22. la sopa de legumbres
vegetales
verduras
19. el atún
23. la manzana
20. la crema de maní y jalea
(cacahuate)
21. el queso
24. las uvas
25. las papitas
Talking about meals and food
¿Qué tomas para el desayuno?
What do you have for breakfast?
A veces tomo un vaso de jugo y un poco de pan. ¡No me gusta el cereal
para nada! I don’t like cereal at all!
¿Qué tomas para el almuerzo?
What do you have for lunch?
Por lo general tomo un sándwich, una manzana y un vaso de leche.
Generally I have a sandwich, an apple, and a glass of milk.
Tengo sed. ¿Qué hay para tomar?
I’m thirsty. What’s there to drink?
Hay jugo, refrescos y agua. ¿Qué prefieres?
What do you prefer?
Gramática
The verb encantar and indirect object pronouns
1.The verb encantar (to really like; to love) works just like the verb gustar.
Me gusta la leche, pero me encanta el jugo de naranja.
Nos encantan los plátanos.
A Juan y Sara les encantan los sándwiches.
2.The pronouns me, te, le, nos, les in front of the verbs above are called
indirect object pronouns, which generally tell to whom or for whom. In this
case, they tell to whom something is pleasing.
Te gusta la leche, ¿verdad?
Milk is pleasing to you, right?
3.Remember to use the definite article with encantar or gustar when saying
that you like something in general.
Me encanta el jugo de naranja.
I love orange juice.
Gramática
o → ue stem-changing verbs
1.You’ve already learned about e→ ie stem-changing verbs
such as querer.
2.Another type of stem change is o → ue. Almorzar (to eat
lunch) is an example; all forms have a stem-change except
nosotros and vosotros.
yo
almuerzo
nosotros
almorzamos
tú
almuerzas
vosotros
almorzais
él/ella/usted
almuerza
ellos/ellas/ustedes
almuerzan
3. Another o → ue stem-changing verb is poder (can; to
be able to).
No puedo estudiar contigo esta noche porque tengo que trabajar.
Nota cultural
1. Breakfast in Spanish-speaking countries is usually eaten around 7 or 8
A.M. People often eat un panecillo (a plain or sweet roll) and a piece of
fresh fruit, such as papaya or piña. Café con leche or chocolate are
served for breakfast.
2. The main meal (called simply la comida) is usually eaten around two
o’clock. It is typically a heavier meal than lunch in the U.S.
3. La comida consists of soup, meat, or fish with rice and vegetables,
followed by dessert and coffee.
4. A typical Ecuadorean dish is cazuela de mariscos, a casserole prepared
in a clay pot with seafood and maní.
5. For many people, it is traditional to have a rest, or siesta, after the
comida, and then go back to work until late evening.
Práctica
Reading Comprehension
Páginas 232-233 (READ)
Página 234, actividades 1-5 (numbers in blue squares)
Writing
Página 236, actividades 7 y 8
Página 237, actividad 9
Pagina 252, actividades 1 y 2
Pagina 253, actividades 3 y 4
Segundo paso
Objectives:
You will learn to…
1. Comment on food using the verbs ser
and estar plus adjectives.
Commenting on food
How something tastes…
¿Cómo está la sopa?
How is … ?
Está deliciosa. … delicious.
Está fría y salada. … cold … salty.
¡Está caliente! … hot.
¿Y cómo están los frijoles?
And how do the beans taste?
Están muy picantes pero están ricos.
… spicy … delicious.
¿Y cómo está el postre?
And how’s the dessert?
¡Está muy dulce!
It’s very sweet!
Gramática
You’ve already learned that estar and ser mean to be.
Estar is often used to talk about how specific things taste, look,
or feel.
Ser is used to tell what something is like, or to talk about the
general nature of things.
Look at the two sentences below. Which one is a general
statement, and which one is a comment about a particular dish?
Los camarones son ricos.
Shrimp are delicious.
Los camarones están ricos.
The shrimp are (taste) delicious.
Gramática
You’ve learned that tener means to have or to be.
In the following situations it means to be:
Tener hambre (to be hungry)
Tener sed (to be thirsty)
These are often used when talking about meals. Use the
feminine form mucha with these expressions to mean very.
Tengo mucha sed, pero no tengo mucha hambre.
1. abierto/a
open
2. el ambiente
atmosphere
3. cerrado/a
closed
4. la especialidad
specialty
5. exquisito/a
exquisite
6. el plato del día
daily special
Vocabulario
Describing a restaurant
Nota cultural
Two common dishes in the Andes
mountains are sancocho ( thick stewlike soup made of green plantains and
corn) and carne colorada, (beef that
has been prepared with achiote, or
annatto, which gives it a characteristic
red color).
These dishes, like most Ecuadorean
cuisine, are not spicy. Ají, a spicy
condiment made of tomatoes, onions,
and hot, red chili peppers, is placed on
most tables at mealtime for added flavor.
Práctica
Listening Comprehension
Página 236, actividad 6
Página 238, actividad 12
Página 240, actividad 16
Página 241, actividad 21
Writing/Grammar
Página 240, actividad 17 (Write answers only.)
Página 241, actividad 18 (Conversation, complete sentences)
Página 242, actividad 22 (Complete sentences.)
Páginas 254-255, actividades 5-7 (Complete sentences.)
Tercer paso
Objectives:
You will learn…
1.To make polite requests.
2.To order dinner.
3.To ask for and pay the bill in a
restaurant.
Vocabulario
1. el bistec
steak
5. las cebollas
2. el pescado
6. el tomate
3. los camarones
7. el maíz
4. las zanahorias
Vocabulario
8. el agua mineral
11. el pastel
9. las fresas
12. la galleta
10. el batido de fresa
milkshake
13. el flan
Vocabulario
14. el cuchillo
17. la servilleta
18. el plato
15. el tenedor
16. la cuchara
20. el tazón, el plato hondo
19. el vaso
Making polite requests
To ask the waitperson to bring you something, say:
Camarera (mesera), ¿nos puede traer el menú (la
carta) y unas servilletas, por favor?
Waitress, can you bring us the menu and some
napkins, please?
Camarero (mesero), este plato esta sucio. ¿Me
puede traer un plato limpio?
Waiter, this plate is dirty. Can you bring me a clean
plate?
¿Me trae un vaso de agua, por favor?
Will you bring me… please?
Nota cultural
In Spanish-speaking countries, la cena is a light
meal, usually eaten around 8:00 P.M., sometimes
as late as 10:00 P.M. (or even later) in Spain.
People generally eat a snack (una merienda)
around 5:00 P.M.
In Ecuador, la merienda usually consists of tea or
coffee with bread, or perhaps a bowl of soup.
Ordering dinner in a restaurant
¿Qué vas a pedir?
What are you going to order?
Voy a pedir los camarones.
I’m going to order….
¿Qué le puedo traer?
What can I bring you?
Yo quisiera el bistec.
I would like…
Asking for and paying the bill in a
restaurant
¿Desean algo más?
Do you want anything else?
To ask for the bill:
¿Nos puede traer la cuenta?
La cuenta, por favor.
¿Cuánto es? How much is it?
¿Está incluida la propina?
Is the tip included?
Son veinte mil pesos.
No, no esta incluida. Es aparte.
…. It’s separate.
Vocabulario
Los números del 200 al 100.000
200 doscientos/as
300 trescientos/as
400 cuatrocientos/as
500 quinientos/as
600 seiscientos/as
700 setecientos/as
800 ochocientos/as
900 novecientos/as
1.000 mil
10.000 diez mil
45.000 cuarenta y cinco mil
80.000 ochenta mil
100.000 cien mil
1. When numbers 200 to 900 modify a noun, they agree with the gender
of the noun.
seiscientos libros
seiscientas casas
2. Notice that in Spanish you can use a period instead of a comma when
writing large numbers (one thousand or greater).
15.216
23.006
1.800
47. 811
9.433
Nota cultural
In Spain, a tortilla is a kind of omelet.
The tortilla española, made of eggs,
potatoes, onions, salt, and olive oil, is
a popular dish for a light evening meal.
In Mexico and Central America, a
tortilla is made from cornmeal or flour,
pressed into a flat round shape, and
cooked on a griddle. These tortillas are
the bread that goes with almost all
meals. They are especially good when
they’re hot and fresh off the griddle.
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