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Por and Para - cloudfront.net

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Por and Para - cloudfront.net
Por and Para
p. 162
Por and Para
 Por and Para have the same meaning in
English most of the time
 Por and Para can change meanings
depending on usage
 Por and Para are not interchangeable– they
have their own set of rules.
 Por and Para are easily confused if people
don’t pay attention to their usage. – it can
alter your intent if used wrong.
Uses of Para
 Para is used for
DEADLINES
 Meaning “by” “for”
Examples:
I need the paper by Monday.
(Yo) necesito el papel para lunes.
The present is going to arrive by this weekend.
El regalo va a llegar para este fin de semana.
Uses of Para
 Para is used for
DESTINATION.
 meaning “for” or “to”
Examples
I travel to Spain this year in a plane.
Yo viajo para España este año en el avión.
I walk to school every morning.
Yo camino para la escuela todas las
mañanas.
Uses of Para
 Para is used for
EMPLOYMENT
 Meaning “for”
Examples
I worked for my dad last summer.
Yo trabajé para mi papá el verano pasado.
She works for Sears.
Ella trabaja para Sears.
Uses for Para
UNLIKELY
COMPARISONS
 Para is used for
 Meaning “for”
Examples
For a fat dog, he runs very fast.
Para un perro gordo, él corre muy rápido.
For an old man, he dances well.
Para un hombre viejo, él baila bien.
Uses for Para
 Para is used for
“IN ORDER TO”
 Meaning “in order to”
Examples
I am studying in order to learn more.
(Yo) estoy estudiando para aprender más.
They work in order to pay the bills.
Ellos trabajan para pagar las cuentas.
Uses of Para
 Para is used for
RECIPIENT
 Meaning “for”
Examples
We bought the gift for you.
(Nosotros) compramos el regalo para ti.
The ring is for her.
El anillo es para ella.
Uses of Para
 Cover your notes
 What are the 6 ways to use para?
 Need a hint? I will give you the initial letters of each








reason—
D D E U I R
Answer:
Deadline
Destination
Employment
Unlikely comparison
In order to
Recipient
Uses of Por
 Por is used for
GENERAL TIME / AREA
 Meaning “for” “about” “around”
Examples
I am going to meet you around the plaza.
(Yo) te voy a reunirme por la plaza.
We eat around noon.
(Nosotros) comemos por el mediodía.
Uses of Por
 Por is used for
AGENT
 Meaning “by”
This is used with passive voice constructions.
Example
The book is written by Ernest Hemingway.
El libro es escrito por Ernest Hemingway.
The dog was found by the police.
El perro fue encontrado por el policía.
 Ernest Hemingway and el policía are called agents.
Uses of Por
 Por is used for
SPECIFIC EXPRESSIONS
 Meaning varies according the saying
Examples
Please
por favor
Finally
por fin
For example
por ejemplo
Uses of Por
 Por is used for
MOTION
 Meaning “through” “along” “beside”
Example
I walked through the park yesterday.
(Yo) caminé por el parque ayer.
They ran along the beach.
Ellos corrieron por la playa.
Uses of Por
 Por is used for
MODE OF TRAVEL
 Meaning “by”
Example
She traveled by bus to Texas.
Ella viajó por el autobús a Texas.
You went by plane.
(Tú) fuiste por el avión.
Uses of Por
COST OR
MEASURMENT.
 Por is used for
 Meaning “per” “for”
Examples
I paid six dollars per pound.
(Yo) pagué seis dólares por libra.
She bought the car for 4 thousand pesos.
Ella compró el carro por cuarto mil pesos.
Uses of Por
 Por is used for EXCHANGE
OR IN
PLACE OF
 Meaning “for” “in place of” “in exchange of”
Example
She is going to work for me because I am sick.
Ella va a trabajar por mí porque estoy
enfermo.
He plays tennis for you on that team. You are
injured.
Él juega por ti en el equipo. Tú te lastimas.
Uses of Por
 Por is used for
PURPOSE OR GOAL
 Meaning “to get” “to obtain” “to pick up”
Examples
Mom went to the store for bread.
Mamá fue a la tienda por el pan.
She left for ice cream.
Ella salió por el helado.
Uses of Por
 Por is used for reason or because of
 Meaning “because of” “reasoning being”
Examples
The game ended because of rain.
El partido teminó por la llovía.
Because of the test, I stayed home.
Por el examen, yo me quedé.
Uses of Por
 Cover your notes
 What are the 9 ways to use por?
 Need a hint? I will give you the initial letters of each
reason—
 G A E M M PE P B
 Answers on next slide.
Por is used for
 G A E M M PE P B
General area and time
Agent
Expression
Motion
Mode of travel
Price
Exchange
Purpose
Because of
Por vs. Para
Mnemonic Device
Por-Poor Milton Bradley Plays
Pricey GAMEs
 M-Motion
 B-Because of
 P-Price
 P-Purpose
 G-General area/time
 A-Agent
 M-Mode of travel
 E-Expression/Exchange
Para-Do U RIDE a para bikes?
 D-deadline
 U-Unlikely comparisons
 R-Recipient
 I-In order to
 D-Destination
 E-Employment
Fly UP