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PPT - unece
United Nations Economic Commission for Europe
Statistical Division
UNECE, MDG-Monitoring and
Gender
UNECE
UNECE Work Session on Gender Statistics
Geneva, 12-14 March 2012
UN Millennium Declaration :
Development and Poverty eradication



Adopted Unanimously by 152 heads of
states present at the General Assembly in
September 2000 at the Millennium Summit
Largest international effort to reduce poverty
Main output: Initiation of the Millennium
Development Goals (MDGs): Time-bound
and quantified targets for addressing
extreme poverty
UNECE
Statistical Division
Slide 2
Eight Millennium Development Goals:
Goal 1: Eradicate Extreme Hunger and Poverty
Goal 2: Achieve Universal Primary Education
Goal 3: Promote Gender Equality and Empower
Women
Goal 4: Reduce Child Mortality
Goal 5: Improve Maternal Health
Goal 6: Combat HIV/AIDS, Malaria and other
diseases
Goal 7: Ensure Environmental Sustainability
Goal 8: Develop a Global Partnership for
Development
UNECE
Statistical Division
Slide 3
Millennium Development Goals
Targets  Indicators
For each Goal, Targets are set and Indicators to
measure:
• Targets (21): Quantification of the goal
• Indicators (60 ‘official’): measurement of progress
towards Targets
Disaggregation/subcategories (e.g. urban/rural,
male/female)

Base year: situation in 1990, Deadline 2015
MDGs are interrelated and gender component
important in nearly all Goals
UNECE
Statistical Division
Slide 4
UNECE Regional MDG-database





Due to differences in definitions, methods, primary
data sources etc., multiple estimates exist for most
indicators
UNECE MDG-database: Official National estimates
and official international estimates
Sources: official national MDG-reports and official
UN monitoring framework
Additional regional indicators agreed upon by
expert representatives from member states
If disaggregated data available (>4 countries), e.g.
by sex, rural/urban, age groups
UNECE
Statistical Division
Slide 5
UNECE Regional MDG-database:
Gender indicators
 Focus Goal 3 on Gender, indicators:
• 3.1c Gender Parity Index in primary level enrolment
• 3.1b Gender Parity Index in secondary level enrolment
• 3.1c Gender Parity Index in tertiary level enrolment
• 3.2 Share of women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector
• 3.3 Seats held by women in national parliament,
percentage
 Other MDGs with Gender component or focus on women:
• 2.3b Women to men parity index, as ratio of literacy
rates, 15-24 years old
• Goal 5: Improve maternal health (12 indicators)
UNECE
Statistical Division
Slide 6
UNECE Regional MDG-database: coverage
indicators MDG Goal 3 (Countries)
25
Coverage MDG 3 in regional UNECE MDG Database: Number of
Countries
20
15
10
5
0
3.1a
3.1b
countries National
3.1c
3.2
countries International
3.3
2.3b
countries total
UNECE
Statistical Division
Slide 7
UNECE Regional MDG-database: coverage
indicators MDG Goal 3 (datapoints)
Coverage MDG 3 in regional UNECE MDG Database: Data Points
400
350
300
250
200
150
100
50
0
3.1a
3.1b
data points National
3.1c
3.2
data points International
3.3
2.3b
data points total
UNECE
Statistical Division
Slide 8
UNECE Regional MDG-database:
indicators by sex
 If 4 countries or more report an MDG indicator (incl. additional/regional
indicators) by sex, it will be included in the UNECE Regional MDG-database
 Indicators currently available by sex :
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
1.5 Employment-to-population ratio
1.7 Proportion of own-account and contributing family workers in total employment
Youth unemployment rate, aged 15-24
Ratio of youth unemployment rate to adult unemployment rate
Share of youth unemployed in total unemployed
Share of youth unemployed in youth population
2.1 Total net enrolment ratio in primary education
2.2a Percentage of pupils starting grade 1 who reach last grade of primary
2.2b Primary completion rate
2.3a Literacy rates of 15-24 years old
6.1 HIV prevalence rate
6.2 Condom use at last high-risk sex, 15-24 years old
6.3 Men and Women 15-24 years old with comprehensive correct knowledge of
HIV/AIDS
UNECE
Statistical Division
Slide 9
0
UNECE
Statistical Division
6.02.01f
6.02.01m
2.03.02
6.02.01
5.06.01
6.03.01f
5.03.03
6.03.01m
5.05.02
2.02.01f
2.02.01m
1.07.01m
1.07.01f
6.03.01
5.05.01
1.20.04f
1.20.04
1.20.03f
1.20.02f
1.20.03
1.20.02m
1.06.02
5.04.01
1.20.04m
1.20.02
1.20.03m
1.20.01f
1.20.01m
5.03.02
5.03.01
1.05.01m
1.05.01f
2.03.01f
2.03.01m
2.01.01f
2.01.01m
2.02.01
1.07.01
3.01.03
3.01.02
1.20.01
5.30.01
3.02.01
1.05.01
3.01.01
2.03.01
2.01.01
5.02.01
5.01.01
3.03.01
% of countries reporting
UNECE Regional MDG-database: % of
countries reporting on Gender related MDGs
100
Coverage Gender related MDG indicators in national monitoring in UNECE region
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
MDG indicator
Slide 10
UNECE regional MDG database: Data
coverage
129 Indicators of which:
• 39 by sex (13 total, 13 male, and 13 female)
• 6 male/female ratios
• 12 female population
16 other potential indicators to disaggregate
UNECE
Statistical Division
Slide 11
4.02
3.03
5.01
4.01
6.09
5.02
7.01
2.01
4.03
7.06
6.09.3
7.08
7.09
1.03
8.15
2.03
8.16
1.08
1.05
3.02
3.01.1
3.01.2
8.14
3.01.3
6.10.1
2.02
6.01
1.07
6.06
7.02
1.04
1.01
5.03
6.10.2
5.03.2
5.04
6.09.2
1.09
5.05
6.05
6.03
6.06.2
1.02
5.05.2
1.08.2
7.02
6.04
5.06
6.02
5.03.3
8.12
7.03
2.03b
7.06
7.10
1.06
6.07
6.08
7.04
7.05
7.07
% of countries reporting
Share of countries reporting on
official MDGs
100
National Reporting on official MDGs indicators in UNECE region
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
MDG indicator
UNECE
Statistical Division
Slide 12
Several other Gender related indicators
used in National MDG monitoring:
-Proportion of women community heads,%
-Ratio of unemployment rate of women to the
unemployment rate of men
-Share of male and female school leavers entering first
year of university
-Share of women holding managerial positions in
economic and social life
-Ratio of literate women to men, 15–24 years old
-Proportion of females holding the post of minister and
deputy minister
-Proportion of females in local elected government
bodies
-Proportion of females employed in the civil service, at
four highest levels of office
-Proportion of females at decision making positions in
judicial system
-Percentage of budget allocated to gender equality
-Percentage of budget allocated to prevent gender based
violence
-Number of registered gender based violence cases
-Women to men wage gap
-Gender ratio among the higher-level civil servants (1–2
categories), number of women/number of men
-Ratio of average wages between women and men;
Introduction of gender sensitive education into
curricula and programmes
-Strengthening women economically; Harmonisation of
private and professional life
-Target: Reduce gender disparities in life expectancy and
approximate life expectancy levels to the European
average
-Average pre-tax salary in lats (men/women)
-Poverty risk index (men/women)
-Persons elected to municipal councils (%) (men/women)
-Proportion of women at the head of companies or agencies
-Employment rate for women/Unemployment rate for
women
-Share of women in ministerial positions in the Government
-Share of women in the position of president of
municipalities
-Share of women in the position of councillor in local
parliaments
-Registered women's unemployment
-Women's unemployment in %
-Share of women in the employed population
-Women't participation in the executive branch of
government
-Ratio of literate women to men, 15–24 years old
-Target: Eliminate the disproportion between the incomes of
men and women
-Share of seats in local councils held by women
-Share of seats in district councils held by women
-Share of mayoral seats held by women
-Share of female employees by type of economic activity
-Share of women's average salary compared to men's
average salary
-Disparity in income
-Comparison of non-commercial activities sectors employing
women and men
-Proportion of women in Government
-Proportion of women in government at local level
-Average wages by gender in selected sectors of the
economy
UNECE
Statistical Division
Slide 13
UNECE Regional MDG Database,
Main Page: w3.unece.org/pxweb/
UNECE
Statistical Division
Slide 14
UNECE MDG Database of official
estimates: Goal 3, Target 3.A
UNECE
Statistical Division
Slide 15
Thank you
Further Info MDGs:
http://w3.unece.org/pxweb/
[email protected]
UNECE
Statistical Division
Slide 16
Gender MDGs, progress & achievements in
Caucasus and Central Asia:
 Goal 3: Promote Gender Equality and Empower Women
 Target: Eliminate gender disparity in primary and secondary education,
preferably by 2005, and in all levels of education no later than 2015
 3.1 Gender Parity Index (Target: 97-103)
• primary level enrolment: met (98), but currently lower than in 1990
• secondary level enrolment: met (98) , but currently lower than in 1990
• tertiary level enrolment: over shoot (107)
 3.2 Share of women in wage employment in the non-agricultural sector:
• Slight increase from 44 in 1990 to 45 in 2009 but not far from parity
 3.3 Seats held by women in national parliament, percentage:
• Increased from 7% in 1990 to 16% in 2009 but still far short of parity
UNECE
Statistical Division
Slide 17
Resolution 55/2 - United Nations Millennium
Declaration: MDGs and Gender
‘11. We will spare no effort to free our fellow men,
women and children from the abject and
dehumanizing conditions of extreme poverty, to
which more than a billion of them are currently
subjected. We are committed to making the right to
development a reality for everyone and to freeing
the entire human race from want’
’20. To promote gender equality and the
empowerment of women as effective ways to
combat poverty, hunger and disease and to
stimulate development that is truly sustainable’
UNECE
Statistical Division
Slide 18
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