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6.2 Indirect object pronouns

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6.2 Indirect object pronouns
Indirect objects
ANTE TODO
 As you know, a direct object is a noun or pronoun that
receives the action of the verb directly.
 In contrast, indirect objects are nouns or pronouns that
receive the action of the verb indirectly.
Indirect objects
 Note the following example:
SUBJECT I.O. PRONOUN
Roberto
Roberto
le
VERB
DIRECT OBJECT INDIRECT OBJECT
presta
cien pesos
a Luisa.
lends
100 pesos
to Luisa.
 An indirect object is a noun or pronoun that answers the
question to whom or for whom an action is done.
 In the preceding example, the indirect object answers this
question:
¿A quién le presta Roberto cien pesos?
To whom does Roberto lend 100 pesos?
Indirect objects
SINGULAR
me (to, for) me
PLURAL
nos (to, for) us
te (to, for) you (fam.)
le (to, for) you (form.)
les (to, for) you (form.)
(to, for) him; her
(to, for) them
Indirect objects
¡ATENCIÓN!
 The forms of indirect object pronouns for the first and
second persons (me, te, nos) are the same as the direct
object pronouns.
 Indirect object pronouns agree in number with the
corresponding nouns, but not in gender.
Indirect objects
Using indirect object pronouns
 Spanish speakers commonly use both an indirect
object pronoun and the noun to which it refers in the
same sentence. This is done to emphasize and clarify
to whom the pronoun refers.
I.O. PRONOUN
Ella le
Les
vende la ropa
prestamos el dinero
INDIRECT OBJECT
a Elena.
a Inés y Álex.
Indirect objects
Using indirect object pronouns
 Indirect object pronouns are also used without the
indirect object noun when the person for whom the
action is being done is known.
Ana le presta la falda a Elena.
Ana lends her skirt to Elena.
También le presta unos bluejeans.
She also lends her a pair of blue jeans.
Indirect objects
 Indirect object pronouns are usually placed before the
conjugated form of the verb.
 In negative sentences the pronoun is placed between no
and the conjugated verb.
Martín me compra un regalo.
Martín buys me a gift.
Eva no me escribe cartas.
Eva doesn’t write me letters.
Indirect objects
 When a conjugated verb is followed by an infinitive or the
present progressive, the indirect object pronoun may be
placed before the conjugated verb or attached to the infinitive
or present participle.
Él no quiere pagarte.
He does not want to pay you.
Él no te quiere pagar.
He does not want to pay you.
Él está escribiéndole una postal a ella.
He is writing a postcard to her.
Él le está escribiendo una postal a ella.
He is writing a postcard to her.
Indirect objects
¡ATENCIÓN!
 When an indirect object pronoun is attached to a present
participle, an accent mark is added because the word
has become “esdrújula.”
Tu mamá está enviándote el dinero.
Nosotros estamos escribiéndoles una carta.
Indirect objects
 Because the indirect object pronouns le and les
have multiple meanings, Spanish speakers often
clarify to whom the pronouns refer with the
preposition a + [pronoun] or a + [noun].
UNCLARIFIED STATEMENTS
Yo le compro un abrigo.
Ella le describe un libro.
Él les vende unos sombreros.
Ellos les hablan muy claro.
CLARIFIED STATEMENTS
Yo le compro un abrigo a él/ella/usted.
Ella le describe un libro a Juan.
Él les vende unos sombreros a ellos/ellas/ustedes.
Ellos les hablan muy claro a los clientes.
Indirect objects
¡INTÉNTALO! Use the cues in parentheses to provide
the indirect object pronoun for the sentence.
1. Juan quiere dar _____ un regalo. (to Elena)
2. María _____ prepara un café. (for us)
3. Beatriz y Felipe _____ escriben desde Cuba. (to me)
4. Marta y yo _____ compramos unos guantes. (for them)
5. Los vendedores _____ venden ropa. (to you, fam. sing.)
6. La dependienta _____ enseña los guantes. (to us)
Indirect objects
Respuestas:
1. Juan quiere darle un regalo. (to Elena)
2. María nos prepara un café. (for us)
3. Beatriz y Felipe me escriben desde Cuba. (to me)
4. Marta y yo les compramos unos guantes. (for them)
5. Los vendedores te venden ropa. (to you, fam. sing.)
6. La dependienta nos enseña los guantes. (to us)
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