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Verbs

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Verbs
Sustantivos, articulos, y
adjetivos
Matching nouns with their articles
and adjectives.
Masculino vs. Femenino

All Spanish nouns are either masculine or
feminine. This has nothing to do with the
object itself and must be memorized.



Most nouns ending in “o” are masculine.
Most nouns ending in “a” are feminine.
The definite article before the word matches
the gender of the word.




El – masculine, singular (el libro)
La – feminine, singular (la camisa)
Los – masculine, plural (los libros)
Las – feminine, plural (las camisas)
Indefinite articles
 To say “a” or “some” in Spanish you use the
indefinite articles below.




Un
Una
Unos
Unas
one/a…masc., sing.
one/a…fem., sing.
some…masc., plural
some…fem., plural
Un libro
Una camisa
Unos libros
Unas camisas
Adjective agreement

Adjectives must agree with the nouns
they follow or modify. Adjectives that
end in “o” have four forms.
1.
2.
3.
4.
El amigo sincero
La amiga sincera
Los amigos sinceros
Las amigas sinceras
P.S.
Different endings
 Adjectives that end in “e” or in a consonant
have only two forms – singular and plural.
They don’t change from masculine to
feminine.




El curso interesante
La clase interesante
El curso dificil
La clase dificil
los cursos interesantes
las clases interesantes
los cursos dificiles
las clases dificiles
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