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AVENTURAS, Third Edition

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AVENTURAS, Third Edition
Nouns (nombres o sustantivos) identify
people, animals, places, things. All
Spanish nouns have gender (masculine
or feminine) and number (singular or
plural).
1.1-1
Most nouns that refer to males are masculine.
Most nouns that refer to females are feminine.
1.1-2
Most nouns ending in –o, –ma, and –s
are masculine. Most nouns ending in –a,
–ción, and –dad are feminine.
1.1-3
1.1-4
Some exceptions are: El lápiz
(pencil), el mapa (map), and el día (day)
are masculine. La mano (hand) is
feminine.
1.1-5
Some nouns have identical masculine and
feminine forms. The definite article (el or la)
indicates the gender of these words.
Copyright © 2010 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved.
1.1-6
Plural of nouns
Nouns that end in a vowel form the plural by
adding –s. Nouns that end in a consonant add
–es. Nouns that end in –z change the –z to
–c, then add –es.
1.1-7
Plural of nouns (cont’d)
When a singular noun has an
accent mark on the last syllable, the
accent is dropped from the plural form:
la lección ➔ las lecciones
el autobús ➔ los autobuses
1.1-8
Plural of nouns (cont’d)
The masculine plural form may refer to a
mixed-gender group.
1 pasajero + 2 pasajeras = 3 pasajeros
1.1-9
Spanish articles
Spanish has four forms that are equivalent to
the English definite article the. Spanish also
has four forms that are equivalent to the
English indefinite article, which, according to
context, may mean a, an, or some.
1.1-10
Spanish articles (cont’d)
1.1-11
Provide the correct articles.
¿el, la, los o las?
la chica
1. _____
2. _____ chico
3. _____ nacionalidad
4. _____ cuadernos
5. _____ problemas
6. _____ mujeres
¿un, una, unos o unas?
un autobús
1. _____
2. _____ lección
3. _____ computadora
4. _____ hombres
5. _____ señora
6. _____ lápices
1.1-12
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