Colombian artist Fernando Botero - River Dell Regional School District

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Colombian artist Fernando Botero - River Dell Regional School District
Realidades I
Repaso cultural
Capítulo 2A
Fernando Botero
• Colombian artist Fernando
Botero (1932– ) is among the
best known and most
respected Latin American
artists. His works have been
exhibited around the world in
prestigious museums,
galleries, and openair places.
Botero’s style is unique and
recognizable. Pedrito Botero,
shown in the painting, was the
artist’s son. He died in a car
accident when he was four
years old.
• Based upon the painting, how
could you describe Botero’s
Studying English?
While you’re in Spanish class at
your school, large numbers of
Spanish-speaking students are
studying to learn the most popular
foreign language worldwide:
English. Many children begin to
study English in grade school
and continue through high school.
They often attend special
language school for additional
English classes. When visiting a
Spanish-speaking country, you
might easily find someone who is
eager to practice his or her
English skills with you in exchange
for helping you improve your
Why do you think English is so
popular in other countries? Are
you studying Spanish for similar
Exploración del lenguaje
Connections between Latin, English, and Spanish
Many words in English and Spanish
are based on Latin. Seeing the
relationship between these words
will help expand your English or
Spanish vocabulary. Look at the list
of Latin root forms for the numbers
1 to 10.
Try it out! For each Roman numeral
listed, choose one of the root forms
(if more than one is listed) and write
down a Spanish or English word
you know that is based on that root.
Try it out! The Roman year used to
begin with the month of March.
Knowing that, can you explain why
septiembre, octubre, noviembre,
and diciembre use the Latin root
forms for seven, eight, nine, and
El aqueducto de Segovia, España
Many Spanish words are derived
from Latin because Spain was
once part of the Roman Empire.
Rome occupied most of Spain
from about 209 B.C. to 586 A.D.
During that time, massive public
structures, including aqueducts
and theaters, were built. Some of
these, such as the aqueduct that
towers over the modern city of
Segovia, are still standing. The
Latin name for Spain was
Can you see the similarity
between Hispania and the
country’s name in Spanish,
El recreo
• In Spanish-speaking
countries, students
usually have el recreo
(recess or break) in the
school patio. Students
take time to relax and
spend time with friends,
eat a snack, or participate
in activities such as a
quick game of basketball,
soccer, or volleyball.
• How is this similar to your
school? How is it
Las matemáticas
• The Maya used three symbols to write numbers:
a dot •
a bar —
and a drawing of a shell.
The dot equals 1, the bar equals 5, and the shell equals 0. Mayan
numbers were written from bottom to top, not from left to right.
• Look at the Mayan numbers below.
What would these Mayan numbers be in our numbering system?
= _____
2. * * * * = _____
3. * * = _____
Now, write these numbers in the Mayan system below:
4. 13 =
_* * *_
5. 16 =
_ ___*____
6. 19 = _ *_* * *__
The letter c
In Spanish the pronunciation of the letter c depends on the letter that follows it. When
the letter c comes before a, o, u, or another consonant, it is pronounced like the c in
“cat.” Listen to and say these words:
When the letter c comes before e or i, most Spanish speakers pronounce it like the s
in “Sally.” Listen to and say these words:
Try it out! Listen to this rhyme. Listen particularly for the sound of the letter c. Then
repeat the rhyme.
Cero más cuatro,
o cuatro más cero,
siempre son cuatro.
¿No es verdadero?
El español en la comunidad
• Do you know about opportunities to learn
Spanish in your community outside of your
school? Do some research using the Internet,
college brochures, and the Yellow Pages about
Spanish classes or private lessons offered in
your community. Make a list of your findings.
Why do you think people in your community
want to study Spanish?
Spanish is becoming a very known
language in the United States
La Escuela
Español Vivo
¡Una experiencia fabulosa en
Costa Rica! ¡Estudia español
con nosotros en la Escuela
Español Vivo!
Es verano, el mes de junio.
Eres estudiante en Santa Ana,
un pueblo en las montañas de Costa
Rica. ¿Y cómo es una clase? Hay
cinco estudiantes en tu clase. Uds.
escuchan, hablan y practican el
español todo el día. También usan la
computadora. En la escuela hay
estudiantes de muchos países:
Estados Unidos, Inglaterra, Francia,
Brasil, Canadá, Japón, India,
Sudáfrica y otros. ¡Todos estudian
• visitar un volcán
• visitar un parque nacional
• nadar en el océano Pacífico
El horario de clases en la escuela es:
Hora lunes a viernes
08:00–10:30 Clases de español
10:30–11:00 Recreo
11:00–13:00 Clases de español
13:00–14:00 Almuerzo
14:00–15:30 Conversaciones
15:30–16:30 Clase de música y baile
¡6 horas cada día!
La hora
• La hora in Spanish-speaking
countries is usually shown
using the 24-hour clock on
official schedules and
timetables. Times in the
morning are shown as 00:00
(midnight) through 11:59
(11:59 A.M.)
• 1:00 P.M. is shown as 13:00,
2:00 P.M. is 14:00, and so on.
• Look at the times in the horario
from the train station. At what
time does the train from
Oerlikon arrive?
2:37 p.m.
El fútbol (soccer) is the favorite
sport in most Spanish-speaking
countries. In fact, it is the most
popular sport in the entire world. It
has grown in popularity in the
United States over the past years.
As with other sports you are
familiar with, fútbol has loyal
fans, cheers, team songs, and
sometimes cheerleaders. If you
attended a game in Venezuela at
the Escuela Secundaria Bolívar
you might hear the following
Chiquitibúm a la bim bom bam
A la bío
A la bao
A la bim bom bam
¡Bolívar! ¡Bolívar!
¡Ra, ra, ra!
With a population of more than 100 million people, Mexico is the most
populous Spanish-speaking country.
The Mayan city of Tulum, situated on a cliff overlooking the Caribbean,
was a major port from about 1200 until the Spaniards arrived in the
early 1500s. The Mayan civilization dates from 750 B.C., and includes
ancient cities throughout southern Mexico, including the Yucatan
Peninsula, and parts of Central America.
The butterfly reserve at El Rosario, Michoacán, lies in the mountains
not far from Mexico City. From November through February every year,
millions of monarch butterflies migrate to this area from the north,
covering the branches of the area’s tall pine trees.
Mexico’s most famous dance company, el Ballet Folklórico de México,
is a world-class troupe of more than 75 dancers and musicians. For
more than five decades, this company has been touring the globe and
performing traditional Mexican dances, such as the jarabe tapatío,
(better known in the United States as the Mexican hat dance), la
culebra, and the chilingo lingo.
Más de México
• Mexico’s capital is one of the largest cities in the world. It is
also one of the oldest, dating back to 1500 B.C. It was here that
the Aztecs built their capital, Tenochtitlán, in the 1300s. When
the Spaniards arrived in 1519, Tenochtitlán had a population of
more than 100,000 — making it larger than most European
• Many families in Mexico spend Sundays together. A popular spot for
families in Mexico City is Xochimilco, where they can relax on
colorful boats while enjoying a meal and music. The canals of
Xochimilco are remnants of chinampas, the “floating gardens” that
helped feed Tenochtitlán and other ancient cities in the valley of
¡El fin!
Fly UP