Español 4 Honores Unidad 11: Gramática D You can use both the subjunctive and the indicative in time clauses introduced by “cuando”. The choice of the mood depends on when the events being described occur. INDICATIVE Use the indicative to refer to past or present actions or events. Most of the time, the main verb is in the present indicative or the preterite. SUBJUNCTIVE Use the subjunctive to refer to future events or actions that have not yet occurred and are considered uncertain. Most of the time, the main verb is in the future tense or expresses future with ir + a + infinitive EL FUTURO I will eat as soon as I get home. I am going to eat as soon as I get home. VERBO + VERBO I need to eat as soon as I get home. I should eat as soon as I get home. I want to eat as soon as I get home. I have to eat as soon as I get home. I am going to eat as soon as I get home. I plan to eat as soon as I get home. Cuando clause: (TIME) ▪ Indicative ▪ Subjunctive Main clause: present indicative or preterite future indicative or “ir” + a + inf. INDICATIVE Cuando mis padres viajan, siempre sacan fotos. La camarera cambió las sábanas cuando limpió el cuarto. SUBJUNTIVE Cuando mis padres viajen, van a sacar fotos. La camarera cambiará las sábanas cuando limpie el cuarto. Aunque= although De modo/de manera que= in such a way that después de que= after luego que= as soon as hasta que= until en cuanto= as soon as mientras que= while/for as long as tan pronto como= as soon as In order to use the subjunctive with these conjunctions, you must have a future reference in the main clause. INDICATIVE SUBJUNCTIVE Fui a Francia Iré a Francia tan tan pronto como tuve mi pasaporte. pronto como tenga mi pasaporte. No se necesita un cambio de sujeto. (You don’t need a subject change.) When the main verb is in the imperative (command form), the choice between the subjunctive and indicative after cuando and the other conjunctions of time or restriction depends upon whether the clause refers to present (expresses general statements) or future events. INDICATIVO SUBJUNTIVO No me llames cuando estoy en la escuela. No me llames cuando esté de viaje la próxima semana. Ten cuidado cuando conduces el coche. Ten cuidado esta noche cuando conduzcas. I clean the house as soon as I get home. My friend will travel as soon as she earns money. When I am 30, I will have 2 children. After I graduate, my parents will pay for college. Limpio la casa en cuanto regreso a casa. Mi amigo viajará tan pronto como gane dinero. Cuando tenga 30 años, tendré 2 hijos. Después de que me gradúe, mis padres pagarán la universidad.