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Gram D

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Gram D
Español 4 Honores
Unidad 11: Gramática D
 You can use both the
subjunctive and the indicative
in time clauses introduced by
“cuando”. The choice of the
mood depends on when the
events being described
occur.
INDICATIVE

Use the indicative to
refer to past or
present actions or
events. Most of the
time, the main verb
is in the present
indicative or the
preterite.
SUBJUNCTIVE

Use the subjunctive to
refer to future events or
actions that have not yet
occurred and are
considered uncertain.
Most of the time, the
main verb is in the future
tense or expresses
future with ir + a +
infinitive
EL FUTURO


I will eat as soon as I get
home.
I am going to eat as soon as
I get home.
VERBO + VERBO






I need to eat as soon as I
get home.
I should eat as soon as I get
home.
I want to eat as soon as I
get home.
I have to eat as soon as I
get home.
I am going to eat as soon as
I get home.
I plan to eat as soon as I get
home.

Cuando clause: (TIME)
▪ Indicative

▪ Subjunctive 
Main clause:
present indicative or preterite
future indicative or “ir” + a + inf.
INDICATIVE


Cuando mis padres
viajan, siempre
sacan fotos.
La camarera cambió
las sábanas cuando
limpió el cuarto.
SUBJUNTIVE

Cuando mis padres
viajen, van a sacar
fotos.

La camarera
cambiará las
sábanas cuando
limpie el cuarto.

Aunque= although

De modo/de manera que=
in such a way that

después de que= after

luego que= as soon as

hasta que= until

en cuanto= as soon as

mientras que= while/for as
long as

tan pronto como= as soon
as
 In order to use
the subjunctive
with these
conjunctions,
you must have a
future
reference in the
main clause.
INDICATIVE
SUBJUNCTIVE
 Fui a Francia
 Iré a Francia tan
tan pronto
como tuve mi
pasaporte.
pronto como
tenga mi
pasaporte.
No se necesita un
cambio de sujeto.
 (You don’t need a subject
change.)
 When the main verb is in the
imperative (command form), the
choice between the subjunctive and
indicative after cuando and the other
conjunctions of time or restriction
depends upon whether the clause
refers to present (expresses general
statements) or future events.
INDICATIVO
SUBJUNTIVO

No me llames
cuando estoy en
la escuela.

No me llames
cuando esté de
viaje la próxima
semana.

Ten cuidado
cuando conduces
el coche.

Ten cuidado esta
noche cuando
conduzcas.

I clean the house as soon as I get home.

My friend will travel as soon as she earns
money.

When I am 30, I will have 2 children.

After I graduate, my parents will pay for
college.

Limpio la casa en cuanto regreso a casa.

Mi amigo viajará tan pronto como gane
dinero.

Cuando tenga 30 años, tendré 2 hijos.

Después de que me gradúe, mis padres
pagarán la universidad.
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